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Tiruchittampalam, Shanthi; Nicholson, Tom; Levin, Joel R.; Ferron, John M. – Journal of Educational Research, 2018
What causes the literacy gap and can schools compensate for it? The authors investigated 3 drivers of the gap: preliteracy knowledge, schooling, and the summer vacation. Longitudinal literacy data over 5 time points were collected on 126 five-year-olds attending higher or lower socioeconomic status (SES) schools during their first 15 months of…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Longitudinal Studies, Socioeconomic Status, Prereading Experience
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van Bysterveldt, Anne K.; Westerveld, Marleen F. – International Journal of Disability, Development and Education, 2017
Personal narrative ability is crucial for social-emotional well-being and classroom participation. This study investigated the ability of 10 school-age participants with Down syndrome to share past personal experiences with their teacher aides in their school environment. To participate, children were required to speak in short sentences and be…
Descriptors: Personal Narratives, Down Syndrome, Teacher Aides, Pilot Projects
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Schaughency, Elizabeth; Suggate, Sebastian; Reese, Elaine – Australian Journal of Learning Difficulties, 2017
We examined earlier oral narrative and decoding and later reading in two samples spanning the first four years of reading instruction. The Year 1 sample (n = 44) was initially assessed after one year of instruction (M = 6; 1 years) and followed through their third year (M = 8; 1 years); the Year 2 sample (n = 34) assessed after two years of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Decoding (Reading), Oral Reading, Reading Fluency
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Westerveld, Marleen F.; Gillon, Gail T.; van Bysterveldt, Anne K.; Boyd, Lynda – International Journal of Early Years Education, 2015
This study investigated the emergent literacy and language skills of four-year-old children in New Zealand during their kindergarten year prior to school-entry. A total of 92 four-year-old children from a range of socio-economic areas were seen individually at their local kindergarten and were assessed on code-related measures (letter name…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Kindergarten, Preschool Children, Emergent Literacy
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Taumoepeau, Mele; Reese, Elaine – First Language, 2013
This study examined the impact of training mothers to talk elaboratively about the past on children's understanding of mind. The researchers randomly assigned 102 mothers of 19-month-old children to a training or no-training group. Mothers in the experimental group received training in an elaborative style of talking about the past when children…
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Theory of Mind, Expressive Language
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McNeill, Brigid C.; Gillon, Gail T.; Dodd, Barbara – Child Language Teaching and Therapy, 2009
This study investigated the effectiveness of an integrated phonological awareness approach for children with childhood apraxia of speech (CAS). Change in speech, phonological awareness, letter knowledge, word decoding, and spelling skills were examined. A controlled multiple single-subject design was employed. Twelve children aged 4-7 years with…
Descriptors: Spelling, Phonological Awareness, Phonemic Awareness, Children
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McNeill, B. C.; Gillon, G. T.; Dodd, B. – International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders, 2009
Background: Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is associated with phonological awareness, reading, and spelling deficits. Comparing literacy skills in CAS with other developmental speech disorders is critical for understanding the complexity of the disorder. Aims: This study compared the phonological awareness and reading development of children…
Descriptors: Phonological Awareness, Early Reading, Young Children, Speech Impairments
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Barrett, Colleen A.; Nicholls, John G. – Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology, 1978
The results of the Peabody Test did not show significant gains for lower socioeconomic children following the pretest and the play session. This is inconsistent with previous findings of other studies. (Author/AM)
Descriptors: Anxiety, Elementary Education, Performance Factors, Preschool Education