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Støren, Liv Anne; Lundetrae, Kjersti; Børing, Pål – International Journal of Lifelong Education, 2018
To what extent do favourable job characteristics contribute to the variation in numeracy skills between countries? Based on theory of maintenance and further development of pre-existing skills, this is explored by applying data on numeracy skills among employed persons in seven European countries participating in the Survey of Adult Skills…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Numeracy, Mathematics Skills
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Støren, Liv Anne; Børing, Pål – International Journal of Lifelong Education, 2018
Participation in job-related training among immigrants is becoming more important in Europe in view of large immigration inflows. This paper considers differences in training participation rates by immigrant background including by whether they are from Western or non-Western origins. Also considered is whether differences by immigrant background…
Descriptors: Immigrants, Participation, Job Training, Foreign Countries
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Harris, Judy; Wihak, Christine – International Journal of E-Learning & Distance Education, 2018
The increasing availability of non-formal education in the form of Open Education Resources (OERs) and Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) gives rise to the questions of how such education can be formally recognized for credit. Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition (PLAR), and Qualification Frameworks are fields of practice actively engaged in…
Descriptors: Incidental Learning, Higher Education, Experiential Learning, Shared Resources and Services
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Janssen, Jeroen; Vandenbroeck, Michel – European Early Childhood Education Research Journal, 2018
Early childhood education and care (ECEC) provision can have long-lasting positive effects on children's learning and development. A key feature in fostering educational outcomes is the enhancement of parental involvement. This article builds on critical concerns with the emergent 'schoolification' of ECEC and corresponding orientations of…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Parent Participation, National Curriculum, Foreign Countries
Renold, Ursula; Bolli, Thomas; Caves, Katherine; Bürgi, Jutta; Egg, Maria Esther; Kemper, Johanna; Rageth, Ladina – National Center on Education and the Economy, 2018
Vocational education and training (VET) is a major policy topic for countries all over the world, who are eager to learn from the best examples where participation in VET is high and youth unemployment is low. Policymakers want to know how strong VET systems manage challenges like rapid technological change, matching labor market demand for…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Vocational Education, Education Work Relationship
Chmielewski, Anna K. – OECD Publishing, 2018
It is well-known that there are large disparities in academic achievement between children of different socio-economic status (SES) backgrounds. This study examines the evolution of disparities in literacy skills between adults of different SES backgrounds. It compares countries' patterns in the evolution of disparities in literacy by SES…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Socioeconomic Background, Academic Achievement, Adults
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Jacobs, Babs; Wolbers, Maarten H. J. – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2018
This article examines the extent to which parental socioeconomic status (SES) affects the likelihood of a child becoming a top-performing student, offering an international perspective by reporting this relationship in 31 developed countries. The impact of 3 important educational system characteristics (differentiation in terms of early tracking,…
Descriptors: Parent Background, Socioeconomic Status, Probability, Academic Achievement
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Luschei, Thomas F.; Jeong, Dong Wook – Educational Researcher, 2018
Although substantial evidence from the United States suggests that more qualified teachers are disproportionately concentrated in the schools and classrooms of academically and socioeconomically advantaged children, it is not clear whether the problem of teacher sorting is global in scope. This study uses data from the 2013 Teaching and Learning…
Descriptors: Teacher Characteristics, Teacher Distribution, Comparative Education, Foreign Countries
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
In a highly competitive global landscape, occupations are transformed, new jobs are created and the skills needed for the labour market are constantly changing. European countries are looking at redefining VET [vocational education and training] to respond promptly to such challenges and take advantage of the opportunities ahead. They are…
Descriptors: Global Approach, Vocational Education, Foreign Countries, Educational Change
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
This research paper is the fifth in a series produced as part of the Cedefop project The changing nature and role of VET (2016-18). Based on comparative analysis of labour force survey data from 2014, the report analyses the vocational effect on labour market and education outcomes, asking whether any advantages conferred by vocational…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Vocational Education, Labor Market
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Massing, Natascha; Schneider, Silke L. – Large-scale Assessments in Education, 2017
Background: Educational qualifications and literacy skills are highly related. This is not surprising as it is one aim of educational systems to equip individuals with competencies necessary to take part in society. Because of this relationship educational qualifications are often used as a proxy for "human capital". However, from a…
Descriptors: Qualifications, Educational Attainment, Adult Literacy, Human Capital
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Souto-Otero, Manuel; Whitworth, Adam – British Journal of Sociology of Education, 2017
"Delayed participation" in higher education (HE) is an increasingly important feature of modern HE systems in many countries. Despite this, surprisingly little empirical research has been undertaken seeking to better understand levels of delayed adult participation in HE across Europe. The present article responds to this gap by…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adult Students, Student Participation, Higher Education
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Verger, Antoni; Fontdevila, Clara; Zancajo, Adrián – Journal of Education Policy, 2017
Over the last two decades, education privatization has become a widespread phenomenon, affecting most education systems and giving place to a consistent increase in private school enrolment globally. However, far from being a monolithic phenomenon, privatization advances through a variety of context-sensitive policy processes that translate into…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Privatization, Global Approach, Educational Policy
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Hoelscher, Michael – Research in Comparative and International Education, 2017
This article argues that strong interrelations between methodological and theoretical advances exist. Progress in, especially comparative, methods may have important impacts on theory evaluation. By using the example of the "Varieties of Capitalism" approach and an international comparison of higher education systems, it can be shown…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Comparative Education, Research Methodology, Cross Cultural Studies
European Commission, 2017
This study gathers evidence on policies that aim to raise students' learning outcomes through incentives and support measures to enhance teacher quality. A central concern is to identify policies that are effective and efficient. These include incentives and support systems to ensure that high-quality candidates are recruited to initial teacher…
Descriptors: Teacher Effectiveness, Educational Quality, Educational Policy, Outcomes of Education
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