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OECD Publishing, 2019
Log files from computer-based assessment can help better understand respondents' behaviours and cognitive strategies. Analysis of timing information from Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) reveals large differences in the time participants take to answer assessment items, as well as large country differences…
Descriptors: Adults, Computer Assisted Testing, Test Items, Reaction Time
OECD Publishing, 2019
Good health is a benefit in many domains, such as work, studies or social relationships. Fostering a sound knowledge on healthy habits and the implications of risk-taking behaviours is a key to shaping societies with healthier lifestyles.
Descriptors: Health, Health Care Costs, Health Behavior, Health Education
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Price, Heather E.; Weatherby, Kristen – School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2018
To better understand the status of the teaching profession, we present a conceptual framework outlining the 4 domains of knowledge-worker professionals: professional benchmarks, professional discretion, room for promotion, and workplace conditions and use the TALIS 2013 survey data to show that these domains exist globally and vary within…
Descriptors: Teaching (Occupation), Employees, Professional Services, Knowledge Management
Agasisti, Tommaso; Avvisati, Francesco; Borgonovi, Francesca; Longobardi, Sergio – OECD Publishing, 2018
Resilience refers to the capacity of individuals to prosper despite encountering adverse circumstances. This paper defines academic resilience as the ability of 15-year-old students from disadvantaged backgrounds to perform at a certain level in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in reading, mathematics and science that…
Descriptors: Educationally Disadvantaged, Resilience (Psychology), Academic Persistence, Academic Achievement
OECD Publishing, 2018
PISA 2015 data show that, on average across OECD countries, as many as three out of four students from the lowest quarter of socio-economic status reach, at best, only the baseline level of proficiency (Level 2) in reading, mathematics or science. While in Canada, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hong Kong (China), Ireland, Japan, Korea, the…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
Kakarmath, Sujay; Denis, Vanessa; Encinas-Martin, Marta; Borgonovi, Francesca; Subramanian, S. V. – OECD Publishing, 2018
We assess the relationship between general literacy skills and health status by analysing data from the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), an international survey of about 250,000 adults aged 16-65 years conducted by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) from 2011-15 in 33…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adult Literacy, Health, International Assessment
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KewalRamani, Angelina; Zhang, Jijun; Wang, Xiaolei; Rathbun, Amy; Corcoran, Lisa; Diliberti, Melissa; Zhang, Jizhi – National Center for Education Statistics, 2018
Educators, policymakers, and parents alike are focused on ensuring the academic success of the nation's students. These efforts interact with the expanding use of technology, which affects the lives of students both inside and outside of the classroom. Thus, the role that technology plays in education is an evolving area of research that continues…
Descriptors: Access to Education, Access to Computers, Internet, Computer Use
Liu, Huacong – OECD Publishing, 2018
This study uses the PIAAC data to examine the relationships between education system characteristics (e.g. early tracking and vocational education orientation) and distributions of adult numeracy skills. It also investigates the effects of postponing the tracking age and easing university access for students on a vocational track on the average…
Descriptors: Adult Literacy, Surveys, International Assessment, Educational Change
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Hovdhaugen, Elisabeth; Opheim, Vibeke – International Journal of Lifelong Education, 2018
This paper explores patterns in participation in adult education and training (AET) by comparing five countries with high participation rates (the Nordic countries and the Netherlands) with three countries with significantly lower participation rates (France, Poland and the Slovak Republic). Using PIAAC data the paper examines differences in the…
Descriptors: Adult Education, Foreign Countries, Educational Demand, Supply and Demand
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Harris, Judy; Wihak, Christine – International Journal of E-Learning & Distance Education, 2018
The increasing availability of non-formal education in the form of Open Education Resources (OERs) and Massive Open Online Courses (MOOCs) gives rise to the questions of how such education can be formally recognized for credit. Prior Learning Assessment and Recognition (PLAR), and Qualification Frameworks are fields of practice actively engaged in…
Descriptors: Incidental Learning, Higher Education, Experiential Learning, Shared Resources and Services
OECD Publishing, 2018
"Education at a Glance: OECD Indicators" is the authoritative source for information on the state of education around the world. It provides data on the structure, finances and performance of education systems in the 35 OECD and a number of partner countries. With more than 100 charts and tables, Education at a Glance 2018 imparts key…
Descriptors: Educational Indicators, Foreign Countries, Educational Practices, Outcomes of Education
Barata, Clara – OECD Publishing, 2018
The first years of life lay the foundations for a child's future development and learning. Many countries have increased their financial support for provision of early childhood education and care (ECEC) over the past years. More recently, the focus of debate has been shifting from expanding access to affordable ECEC to enhancing its quality. A…
Descriptors: Early Childhood Education, Young Children, Literature Reviews, Meta Analysis
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Agasisti, Tommaso; Zoido, Pablo – Educational Researcher, 2018
This paper derives efficiency scores for around 8,500 schools in 30 countries, using Programme for International Student Assessment 2012 data and a nonparametric approach called data envelopment analysis as method. On average, achievement scores of schools can be increased by 27%, holding inputs constant. Efficiency scores vary considerably both…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, International Assessment, Secondary School Students, Foreign Countries
Avvisati, Francesco – OECD Publishing, 2018
Teachers are the most important school resource. In every country, teachers' salaries and training represent the greatest share of expenditure on education; and this investment in teachers can have significant returns. Research shows that being taught by the best teachers can make a real difference in the learning and life outcomes of otherwise…
Descriptors: Experienced Teachers, Teacher Effectiveness, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests
OECD Publishing, 2018
While the benefits of early childhood education and care (ECEC) services to better learning are now widely acknowledged, a widespread and accessible provision for these services also helps support gender equality in the workforce. In particular, the availability, intensity, reliability and affordability of ECEC play an important role in engaging…
Descriptors: Educational Indicators, Early Childhood Education, Womens Studies, Mothers
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