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Chmielewski, Anna K.; Reardon, Sean F. – AERA Open, 2016
In a recent paper, Reardon found that the relationship between family income and children's academic achievement grew substantially stronger in the 1980s and 1990s in the United States. We provide an international context for these results by examining the income-achievement association in 19 other Organisation for Economic Co-operation and…
Descriptors: Income, Achievement Gap, Academic Achievement, Family Income
International Association for the Evaluation of Educational Achievement, 2016
PIRLS (Progress in International Reading Literacy Study) is the fourth assessment in the current trend series, following PIRLS 2001, 2006, and 2011. There were 61 participants in PIRLS 2016, including 50 countries and 11 benchmarking entities (e.g., regions of countries as well as additional grades or language groups from the participating…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, Reading Achievement, Grade 4