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Muralidharan, Karthik; Sundararaman, Venkatesh – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2013
The large-scale expansion of primary schooling in developing countries has led to the increasing use of non-civil-service contract teachers who are hired locally by the school, are not professionally trained, have fixed-term renewable contracts, and are paid much lower salaries than regular civil-service teachers. This has been a controversial…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Teachers, Developing Nations, Contracts
Muralidharan, Karthik; Sundararaman, Venkatesh – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2009
Performance pay for teachers is frequently suggested as a way of improving education outcomes in schools, but the theoretical predictions regarding its effectiveness are ambiguous and the empirical evidence to date is limited and mixed. We present results from a randomized evaluation of a teacher incentive program implemented across a large…
Descriptors: Incentives, Language Tests, Academic Achievement, Teacher Motivation
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Pandey, Priyanka; Goyal, Sangeeta; Sundararaman, Venkatesh – Education Economics, 2009
This study evaluates the impact of a community-based information campaign on school performance from a cluster randomized control trial in 610 villages. The campaign consisted of eight or nine public meetings in each of 340 treatment villages across three Indian states to disseminate information to the community about its state-mandated roles and…
Descriptors: Intervention, Community Involvement, Institutional Advancement, School Community Relationship
Muralidharan, Karthik; Sundararaman, Venkatesh – National Center on Performance Incentives, 2008
Performance pay for teachers is frequently suggested as a way of improving educational outcomes in schools, but the empirical evidence to date on its effectiveness is limited and mixed. We present results from a randomized evaluation of a teacher incentive program implemented across a representative sample of government-run rural primary schools…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Developing Nations, Incentives, Teacher Motivation