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ERIC Number: EJ833008
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009-Mar
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0305-7925
NGO Provision of Basic Education: Alternative or Complementary Service Delivery to Support Access to the Excluded?
Rose, Pauline
Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, v39 n2 p219-233 Mar 2009
This paper focuses on approaches by non-government organisations (NGOs) to reach primary school-aged children excluded from access to the conventional state education system. It highlights recent shifts in international literature and agency priorities from the portrayal of NGO provision as a (non-formal) "alternative" to (formal) state schooling, towards developing approaches for "complementary" provision. This shift is occurring as a means of making progress towards achieving Education for All (EFA) goals. The paper then compares these international trends with attention paid to NGO provision in national education plans across four countries (Bangladesh, India, Ethiopia and Ghana). Based on the analysis of international and national approaches, the paper argues that NGO provision continues to be seen as "second-best" to state schooling, with state schooling remaining the focus of attention for EFA. (Contains 3 tables and 4 notes.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Bangladesh; Ethiopia; Ghana; India