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Margolis, Jason; Meese, Alison A.; Doring, Anne – Education and Urban Society, 2016
This article presents both sides of the debate as to whether urban teachers need structure or freedom, and then takes a stand on urban teaching in the current high-stakes assessment climate. First, we trace the 30-year development of American educational policy in the area of structuring teaching. Then, we present research from proponents of…
Descriptors: Urban Teaching, Freedom, Educational Policy, Educational Legislation
Rebell, Michael A. – Campaign for Educational Equity, Teachers College, Columbia University, 2011
Raising academic standards and eliminating achievement gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged students are America's prime national educational goals. Current federal and state policies, however, largely ignore the fact that the childhood poverty rate in the United States is 21%, the highest in the industrialized world, and that poverty…
Descriptors: Educational Opportunities, Low Income Students, Constitutional Law, Equal Protection
Department of Education, Washington, DC. – 1993
Established in 1965, the Elementary and Secondary Education act (ESEA) offered federal support to schools in low-income communities. Over the years, Congress amended and expanded the Act seven times. Evaluations of ESEA indicate that funds are spread thinly, instead of being targeted where the needs are greatest. The traditional add-on programs…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, Excellence in Education
Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House. – 1994
This report from the United States House of Representatives presents the complete amended version of the House bill to extend for 5 years the authorizations of appropriations for the programs under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act. The current reauthorization bill is known as the "Improving America's Schools Act." The first…
Descriptors: Educational Facilities, Educational Finance, Educational Improvement, Educational Quality