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Berke, Joel S.; Moore, Mary T. – Phi Delta Kappan, 1982
Traces the history of federal goals and policies in education from the expansion of federal aid under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965 to the reduction of federal support and regulation currently envisaged in the Education Improvement and Consolidation Act of 1981. (RW)
Descriptors: Educational Objectives, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, Federal Programs
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
Kaestle, Carl F.; Smith, Marshall S. – Harvard Educational Review, 1982
Discusses seven stereotypical views concerning the history of federal involvement in elementary and secondary education. Examines federal intervention after World War II; origination of federal programs; the National Defense Education Act; basic skills education; federal aid to precollegiate education; federal pressure for desegregation; and…
Descriptors: Basic Skills, Desegregation Effects, Educational History, Elementary Secondary Education
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
House, Ernest R. – Comparative Education Review, 1978
In 1965, Robert Kennedy initiated federal evaluation policy with ESEA. His conception of political accountability was converted into a system of cost benefit analysis, which periodically justified funding curtailments. This systems approach, similar to Taylor's Scientific Management, is inadequate as the sole evaluation tool for federal programs.…
Descriptors: Compensatory Education, Cost Effectiveness, Educational Policy, Evaluation Methods
Venditti, Frederick P. – Tennessee Education, 1982
Until recently the federal courts (Brown vs. Board of Education of Topeka) and Congressional action (Civil Rights Act of 1964, Elementary and Secondary Education Act of 1965, Title IX of the Educational Amendments of 1972) have spurred efforts to bring race and sex equity to the schools. (LC)
Descriptors: Civil Rights, Colleges, Court Litigation, Elementary Secondary Education