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Margolis, Jason; Meese, Alison A.; Doring, Anne – Education and Urban Society, 2016
This article presents both sides of the debate as to whether urban teachers need structure or freedom, and then takes a stand on urban teaching in the current high-stakes assessment climate. First, we trace the 30-year development of American educational policy in the area of structuring teaching. Then, we present research from proponents of…
Descriptors: Urban Teaching, Freedom, Educational Policy, Educational Legislation
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Snyder, Thomas D.; Dillow, Sally A. – National Center for Education Statistics, 2015
The 2013 edition of the "Digest of Education Statistics" is the 49th in a series of publications initiated in 1962. The Digest has been issued annually except for combined editions for the years 1977-78, 1983-84, and 1985-86. Its primary purpose is to provide a compilation of statistical information covering the broad field of American…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Dropouts, Educational Finance
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DeBray, Elizabeth; Blankenship, Ann Elizabeth – Peabody Journal of Education, 2013
Congress's role in defining and promoting equality of educational opportunity has evolved over the past 55 years since "Brown v. Board of Education." Most recently, all three branches of the federal government have focused more on equality of educational opportunity for "individual" students rather than for protected classes.…
Descriptors: Equal Education, Government Role, Federal Government, Federal State Relationship
Rebell, Michael A. – Campaign for Educational Equity, Teachers College, Columbia University, 2011
Raising academic standards and eliminating achievement gaps between advantaged and disadvantaged students are America's prime national educational goals. Current federal and state policies, however, largely ignore the fact that the childhood poverty rate in the United States is 21%, the highest in the industrialized world, and that poverty…
Descriptors: Educational Opportunities, Low Income Students, Constitutional Law, Equal Protection
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Burch, Patricia – Journal of Education Policy, 2010
Key legislative objectives for the US Federal educational policy over the past several decades relied heavily on quasi-market strategies (such as school rating, school closure, the contracting out of schools) as central levers in "reforming" public schools. Using financial data on 11 national for-profit firms contracting with schools and…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Educational Policy, Public Education, Federal Legislation
Bourque, Mary Lyn – National Assessment Governing Board, 2009
A history of the achievement levels for the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) could be documented in different ways. A chronological history might be the obvious approach, but in the author's view, that could miss the most salient aspects of setting student performance standards on an assessment like NAEP. Further, new initiatives…
Descriptors: Achievement, National Competency Tests, Governing Boards, Grade 8
Kosar, Kevin R. – 2003
During the past 12 years there was a sudden and unexpected consensus held by U.S. Congressmen and Presidents that students in U.S. public schools were learning less than they should. Moreover, the conservatives and liberals agreed that the proper policy response to this public problem was to raise education standards. Recent years brought five…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Government Role, Literature Reviews, National Standards
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Cohen, Michael – Education Next, 2002
Draws on lessons learned from the Clinton Administration's efforts to implement 1994 federal legislation (Goals 2002 and Elementary and Secondary Education Act reauthorization) to inform state and federal officials' efforts to implement the No Child Left Behind Act. (PKP)
Descriptors: Compliance (Legal), Educational Change, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Legislation
Chambers, Jay; Lieberman, Joanne; Parrish, Tom; Kaleba, Daniel; Van Campen, James; Stullich, Stephanie – 2000
The Study of Education Resources and Federal Funding (SERFF) examined the allocation and use of funds provided to school districts and schools through the Goals 2000 and five of the largest Elementary and Secondary Education Act programs for fiscal year 1997, corresponding to the 1997-1998 school year. The six federal programs included in this…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, Financial Support
Chambers, Jay; Lieberman, Joanne; Parrish, Tom; Kaleba, Daniel; Van Campen, James; Stullich, Stephanie – 2000
The Study of Education Resources and Federal Funding (SERFF) examined the allocation and use of funds provided to school districts and schools through the Goals 2000 and five of the largest Elementary and Secondary Education Act programs for fiscal year 1997, corresponding to the 1997-1998 school year. The six federal programs included in this…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, Financial Support
Chambers, Jay; Lieberman, Joanne; Parrish, Tom; Kaleba, Daniel; Van Campen, James; Stullich, Stephanie – 2000
The Study of Education Resources and Federal Funding (SERFF) examined the allocation and use of funds provided to school districts and schools through the Goals 2000 and five of the largest Elementary and Secondary Education Act programs for fiscal year 1997, corresponding to the 1997-1998 school year. The six federal programs included in this…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, Financial Support
Department of Education, Washington, DC. – 1999
This Congressional report discusses recent accomplishments and continuing issues in the federal role in helping states and localities improve K-12 education. The panel that prepared the report consisted of state and local educators, researchers, and other citizens committed to education. The document focuses on the implementation of major federal…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Educational Assessment, Educational Improvement, Educational Legislation
Chambers, Jay; Lieberman, Joanne; Parrish, Tom; Kaleba, Daniel; Van Campen, James; Stullich, Stephanie – 1999
The study of Educational Resources and Federal Funding (SERFF) examines the allocation and use of funds provided to school districts and schools through Goals 2000 and five of the largest Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) programs for the 1997-98 school year. It also examines how program funds are used for various strategies for…
Descriptors: Educational Assessment, Educational Finance, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid
Riddle, Wayne; Stedman, James; Irwin, Paul – 1999
This document provides an overview of primary, cross-cutting issues that are likely to arise as the Elementary and Secondary Education Act; Goals 2000; the Educational Research, Development, Dissemination, and Improvement Act; and the National Education Statistics Act are considered by the United States Congress for reauthorization in the future.…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Policy, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education
Department of Education, Washington, DC. – 1993
Established in 1965, the Elementary and Secondary Education act (ESEA) offered federal support to schools in low-income communities. Over the years, Congress amended and expanded the Act seven times. Evaluations of ESEA indicate that funds are spread thinly, instead of being targeted where the needs are greatest. The traditional add-on programs…
Descriptors: Educational Change, Educational Improvement, Elementary Secondary Education, Excellence in Education
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