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Fránquiz, María E. – Bilingual Research Journal, 2018
The Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), signed in 1965, was a pivotal civil rights law to address the dream of equitable education for all children on the mainland and in U.S. territories. The ESEA was followed by the Bilingual Education Act (BEA), signed by President Johnson in 1968. The BEA specifically addressed the necessities of…
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Bilingual Education, Educational Legislation, Second Language Learning
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Thomas, Beth A. – Arts Education Policy Review, 2017
In 1968 the Bilingual Education Act marked the first comprehensive federal intervention in the schooling of language minoritized students by creating financial incentives for bilingual education in an effort to address social and educational inequities created by poverty and linguistic isolation in schools. Since that time federal education…
Descriptors: Language Attitudes, Student Attitudes, Visual Arts, Bilingualism
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López, Francesca; McEneaney, Elizabeth; Nieswandt, Martina – American Journal of Education, 2015
Little research currently examines language instruction educational programs (LIEPs) in states with a more recent growth of the Latino English learner population. To meet this need, the authors examined the content each of the state LIEPs, focusing chiefly on the extent to which the types of language support, as well as the stipulations associated…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Instruction, Second Language Programs, Bilingual Education Programs
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Gándara, Patricia C.; Aldana, Ursula S. – Educational Administration Quarterly, 2014
Background: Since the passage of "Brown v. Board of Education" in 1954, the demographic landscape of American schools has changed dramatically. By 2011, there were 12.4 million Latinos enrolled in prekindergarten to 12th-grade public schools, which constitutes 23.9% of the U.S. student population. A primary challenge that faces schools…
Descriptors: Hispanic American Students, Court Litigation, English Language Learners, Bilingual Education
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Mavrogordato, Madeline – Peabody Journal of Education, 2012
Sixty years ago, federal guidelines regarding the instruction of special populations in American public schools were nonexistent. Racial minorities, language minorities, women, the poor, and those with physical and mental disabilities had not been identified as groups that needed special protections. Much has changed since then. Federal…
Descriptors: Educational Strategies, Language Minorities, Equal Education, Federal Legislation
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Jimenez-Castellanos, Oscar – Journal of the Association of Mexican American Educators, 2010
The state of California educates over six million or twelve percent of the nation's student population. Approximately three million are Latino and 1.5 million are classified as English Language Learners (ELLs). English Language Learners are significantly underperforming in math and reading compared to White students in all grade levels. The…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, Elementary Secondary Education, Bilingual Education, Educational Finance
Pappamihiel, Eleni – 2004
Until the 1960s, the special needs of migrant students were seldom considered in the formulation of educational policy. Since that time, migrant parents and other concerned parties have sought redress in the court system, and Congress has passed legislation to provide support for migrant education. This chapter describes major pieces of federal…
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Elementary Secondary Education, Federal Aid, Federal Legislation
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Lewis, Karla C. – School Community Journal, 2004
Are instructional aides colleagues of teachers, bridges to the school community, both, or neither? This study addresses this question by asking instructional aides about their relationships with teachers and parents and about their status in schools, and suggestions are made to create stronger bonds among these partners in education. This paper…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Educational Media, Parent Teacher Cooperation, Partnerships in Education
Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Subcommittee on Elementary, Secondary, and Vocational Education. – 1994
These hearing transcripts present testimony concerning the reauthorization of the Elementary and Secondary Education (ESE) Act, focusing on the English as a Second Language (ESL) and bilingual education provisions and implications of the act. Much of the testimony was from representatives, educators, and community leaders who voiced opinions about…
Descriptors: Administrators, Bilingual Education, Community Leaders, Educational Attitudes
Holzman, Seymour; Boes, Shirley – 1973
The contents of this report are organized in five parts, as follows. Part One, "Title I: The Cornerstone of Compensatory Education," is a discussion of Title I of the 1965 Elementary Secondary Education Act (PL 89-10): its purpose, the scope of Title I programs, the selection of target areas, aid to nonpublic school children, the…
Descriptors: Compensatory Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Federal Aid, Federal Legislation
Cordasco, Francesco; Bucchioni, Eugene – 1971
This report has a descriptive and evaluative delineation of those programs which have been (or are being) developed for Puerto Rican students in the public schools of Jersey City. The data of the report have been gathered in those schools with large Puerto Rican constituencies, and have been cast in the perspectives afforded by discussions with…
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingual Students, Bilingual Teachers, Compensatory Education
Pennsylvania Education, 1971
Describes the educational impact of the migration of Puerto Rican children into Pennsylvania, and the development of programs for them under Titles I and VII of the Elementary Secondary Education Act. (JM)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Compensatory Education, Disadvantaged Youth, Migrant Education
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Osman, David S., Comp. – 1973
The purpose of this annotated bibliography is to provide a brief description of the primary aims, findings, and recommendations of the major books, articles, monographs, and government reports which have appeared concerning the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965, as amended, since its enactment. Considering that the combined…
Descriptors: Annotated Bibliographies, Educational Policy, Educational Research, Federal Legislation