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Jansen, Susanne; Knippels, Marie-Christine P. J.; van Joolingen, Wouter R. – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Models are very important tools when learning and communicating about science. Models used in secondary school biology education range from concrete scale models, such as a model of a skeleton, to abstract concept-process models, such as a visualisation of meiosis. Understanding these concept-process models requires a profound understanding of the…
Descriptors: Models, Biology, Science Instruction, Secondary School Science
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Saido, G. A. M.; Siraj, S.; DeWitt, D.; Al-Amedy, O. S. – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
It is important for science students to develop higher order thinking (HOT) so that they can reason like scientists in the field. In this study, a HOT instructional model for secondary school science was developed with experts. The model would focus on reflective thinking (RT) and science process skills (SPS) among Grade 7 students. The Fuzzy…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Questionnaires, Science Instruction, Skill Development
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Machado, Juliana; Braga, Marco – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
This study investigates the modelling conceptualisation of secondary school students in two situations related to particle dynamics: pendulum's motion and horizontal motion. We performed in-depth clinical interviews with secondary school students (N = 10). Participants' ideas about properties which are not 'given' in empirical observations were…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Models, Scientific Principles, Science Instruction
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Blanco-Anaya, Paloma; Justi, Rosária; Díaz de Bustamante, Joaquín – International Journal of Science Education, 2017
Modelling-based teaching activities have been designed and analysed from distinct theoretical perspectives. In this paper, we use one of them--the model of modelling diagram (MMD)--as an analytical tool in a regular classroom context. This paper examines the challenges that arise when the MMD is used as an analytical tool to characterise the…
Descriptors: Educational Opportunities, Barriers, Models, Video Technology
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Achiam, Marianne; Simony, Leonora; Lindow, Bent Erik Kramer – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
Although the scientific disciplines conduct practical work in different ways, all consider practical work as the essential way of connecting objects and phenomena with ideas and the abstract. Accordingly, practical work is regarded as central to science "education" as well. We investigate a practical, object-based palaeontology programme…
Descriptors: Museums, Science Activities, Science Instruction, Science Education
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Dierks, Pay O.; Höffler, Tim N.; Blankenburg, Janet S.; Peters, Heide; Parchmann, Ilka – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
Considering the reported lack of interest in the STEM-domain and the consequential difficulties in recruiting talented and interested young academics, the development of effective enrichment measures is indispensable. This requires a precise picture of students' interests. The paper presents an approach to characterize interest profiles in…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Student Interests, Science Interests
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Tasquier, Giulia; Levrini, Olivia; Dillon, Justin – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
The scientific community has been debating climate change for over two decades. In the light of certain arguments put forward by the aforesaid community, the EU has recommended a set of innovative reforms to science teaching such as incorporating environmental issues into the scientific curriculum, thereby helping to make schools a place of civic…
Descriptors: Epistemology, Role, Barriers, Student Attitudes
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Homer, Matt; Ryder, Jim – International Journal of Science Education, 2015
In 2006 in England an innovative suite of science qualifications for 14-16-year-olds called Twenty-First Century Science (21CS) was introduced. These qualifications have a strong focus on developing scientific literacy in all students whilst simultaneously providing preparation for the study of post-compulsory science for a smaller proportion of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Scientific Literacy, Science Education, Educational Innovation
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Grünkorn, Juliane; Upmeier zu Belzen, Annette; Krüger, Dirk – International Journal of Science Education, 2014
Research in the field of students' understandings of models and their use in science describes different frameworks concerning these understandings. Currently, there is no conjoint framework that combines these structures and so far, no investigation has focused on whether it reflects students' understandings sufficiently (empirical evaluation).…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comprehension, Models, Secondary School Students
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Aragón, María del Mar; Oliva, José M.; Navarrete, Antonio – International Journal of Science Education, 2014
This article analyzes the relationship between pupils' level of understanding of the analogies proposed in class while working with a model of chemical change and their competence at constructing a coherent verbal discourse of that model in both its macroscopic and submicroscopic representations. The study participants were 35 pupils in their 3rd…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Science Instruction, Logical Thinking, Learning
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Lam, Terence Yuk Ping; Lau, Kwok Chi – International Journal of Science Education, 2014
This study uses hierarchical linear modeling to examine the influence of a range of factors on the science performances of Hong Kong students in PISA 2006. Hong Kong has been consistently ranked highly in international science assessments, such as Programme for International Student Assessment and Trends in International Mathematics and Science…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Achievement, Hierarchical Linear Modeling, Science Education
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Besson, Ugo; Borghi, Lidia; De Ambrosis, Anna; Mascheretti, Paolo – International Journal of Science Education, 2010
We have developed a teaching-learning sequence (TLS) on friction based on a preliminary study involving three dimensions: an analysis of didactic research on the topic, an overview of usual approaches, and a critical analysis of the subject, considered also in its historical development. We found that mostly the usual presentations do not take…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Criticism, Motivation, Teaching Methods
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Wackermann, Rainer; Trendel, Georg; Fischer, Hans E. – International Journal of Science Education, 2010
The background of the study is the theory of "basis models of teaching and learning", a comprehensive set of models of learning processes which includes, for example, learning through experience and problem-solving. The combined use of different models of learning processes has not been fully investigated and it is frequently not clear…
Descriptors: Physics, Science Instruction, Learning Processes, Models
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Garcia Franco, Alejandra; Taber, Keith S. – International Journal of Science Education, 2009
Particle models of matter are widely recognised as being of fundamental importance in many branches of modern science, and particle ideas are commonly introduced and developed in the secondary school curriculum. However, research undertaken in a range of national contexts has identified significant learning difficulties in this topic, and suggests…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Scientific Concepts, Models
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Maia, Poliana Flavia; Justi, Rosaria – International Journal of Science Education, 2009
This paper presents and discusses students' learning process of chemical equilibrium from a modelling-based approach developed from the use of the "Model of Modelling" diagram. The investigation was conducted in a regular classroom (students 14-15 years old) and aimed at discussing how modelling-based teaching can contribute to students…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Teaching Methods, Models, Visual Aids
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