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Showing 1 to 15 of 26 results Save | Export
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Kang, Jingoo; Hense, Jonathan; Scheersoi, Annette; Keinonen, Tuula – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Gender disparities in STEM fields have been under extensive study, the focus of which has been on future career aspirations. However, the primary phases in gender differences are still ambiguous when examined from this perspective, possibly due to the fact that most of the studies have targeted samples of upper secondary school or college…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Correlation, Science Interests, Foreign Countries
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Großmann, Nadine; Wilde, Matthias – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Experimentation is a complex problem-solving process. In biology lessons, experiments involve creative thinking and open discovery; however, they still require some degree of instructional guidance. The right balance between discovery learning and instructional guidance depends substantially on students' prior knowledge. Students with low prior…
Descriptors: Experiments, Biology, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Grade 7
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Jansen, Susanne; Knippels, Marie-Christine P. J.; van Joolingen, Wouter R. – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Models are very important tools when learning and communicating about science. Models used in secondary school biology education range from concrete scale models, such as a model of a skeleton, to abstract concept-process models, such as a visualisation of meiosis. Understanding these concept-process models requires a profound understanding of the…
Descriptors: Models, Biology, Science Instruction, Secondary School Science
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Olander, Clas; Wickman, Per-Olof; Tytler, Russell; Ingerman, Åke – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
The aim of this article is to investigate students' meaning-making processes of multiple representations during a teaching sequence about the human body in lower secondary school. Two main influences are brought together to accomplish the analysis: on the one hand, theories on signs and representations as scaffoldings for learning and, on the…
Descriptors: Human Body, Video Technology, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Foreign Countries
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Brandstetter, Miriam; Sandmann, Angela; Florian, Christine – International Journal of Science Education, 2017
In classroom, scientific contents are increasingly communicated through visual forms of representations. Students' learning outcomes rely on their ability to read and understand pictorial information. Understanding pictorial information in biology requires cognitive effort and can be challenging to students. Yet evidence-based knowledge about…
Descriptors: Reading Strategies, Pictorial Stimuli, Biology, Science Instruction
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Mahler, Daniela; Großschedl, Jörg; Harms, Ute – International Journal of Science Education, 2017
Teachers make a difference for the outcome of their students in science classrooms. One focus in this context lies on teachers' professional knowledge. We describe this knowledge according to three domains, namely (1) content knowledge (CK), (2) pedagogical content knowledge (PCK), and (3) curricular knowledge (CuK). We hypothesise a positive…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Science Teachers, Foreign Countries, Pedagogical Content Knowledge
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Peterman, Karen; Daugherty, Jenny L.; Custer, Rodney L.; Ross, Julia M. – International Journal of Science Education, 2017
Science teachers are being called on to incorporate engineering practices into their classrooms. This study explores whether the Engineering-Infused Lesson Rubric, a new rubric designed to target best practices in engineering education, could be used to evaluate the extent to which engineering is infused into online science lessons. Eighty lessons…
Descriptors: Engineering, Science Instruction, Biology, Physics
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Mikeska, Jamie N.; Shattuck, Tamara; Holtzman, Steven; McCaffrey, Daniel F.; Duchesneau, Nancy; Qi, Yi; Stickler, Leslie – International Journal of Science Education, 2017
In order to create conditions for students' meaningful and rigorous intellectual engagement in science classrooms, it is critically important to help science teachers learn which strategies and approaches can be used best to develop students' scientific literacy. Better understanding how science teachers' instructional practices relate to student…
Descriptors: Science Education, Secondary School Science, Science Instruction, Science Teachers
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Pinxten, Rianne; Desclée, Mathieu; Eens, Marcel – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
In 1963, the Nobel Prize-winning ethologist Niko Tinbergen proposed a framework for the scientific study of animal behaviour by outlining four questions that should be answered to have a complete understanding: causation, ontogeny, function and evolution. At present, Tinbergen's framework is still considered the best way to guide animal…
Descriptors: Animals, Guidelines, Secondary School Students, Undergraduate Students
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Achiam, Marianne; Simony, Leonora; Lindow, Bent Erik Kramer – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
Although the scientific disciplines conduct practical work in different ways, all consider practical work as the essential way of connecting objects and phenomena with ideas and the abstract. Accordingly, practical work is regarded as central to science "education" as well. We investigate a practical, object-based palaeontology programme…
Descriptors: Museums, Science Activities, Science Instruction, Science Education
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Jördens, Janina; Asshoff, Roman; Kullmann, Harald; Hammann, Marcus – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
Students' explanations of biological phenomena are frequently characterized by disconnects between levels and confusion of levels. The purpose of this research is to investigate the effects of a hands-on lab activity that aims at fostering the ability to reason across levels. A total of 197 students (18 years of age) participated in a randomized,…
Descriptors: Evolution, Foreign Countries, Science Instruction, Science Education
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Nawani, Jigna; Rixius, Julia; Neuhaus, Birgit J. – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
Empirical analysis of secondary biology classrooms revealed that, on average, 68% of teaching time in Germany revolved around processing tasks. Quality of instruction can thus be assessed by analyzing the quality of tasks used in classroom discourse. This quasi-experimental study analyzed how teachers used tasks in 38 videotaped biology lessons…
Descriptors: Biology, Video Technology, Concept Mapping, Foreign Countries
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Yang, Wenyuan; Liu, Enshan – International Journal of Science Education, 2016
This article describes the development and validation of an instrument that can be used for content analysis of inquiry-based tasks. According to the theories of educational evaluation and qualities of inquiry, four essential functions that inquiry-based tasks should serve are defined: (1) assisting in the construction of understandings about…
Descriptors: Textbooks, Content Analysis, Inquiry, Foreign Countries
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Kragten, Marco; Admiraal, Wilfried; Rijlaarsdam, Gert – International Journal of Science Education, 2015
Process diagrams describe how a system functions (e.g. photosynthesis) and are an important type of representation in Biology education. In the present study, we examined students' learning activities while studying process diagrams, related to their resulting comprehension of these diagrams. Each student completed three learning tasks. Verbal…
Descriptors: Learning Activities, Biology, Science Activities, Visual Aids
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Homer, Matt; Ryder, Jim – International Journal of Science Education, 2015
In 2006 in England an innovative suite of science qualifications for 14-16-year-olds called Twenty-First Century Science (21CS) was introduced. These qualifications have a strong focus on developing scientific literacy in all students whilst simultaneously providing preparation for the study of post-compulsory science for a smaller proportion of…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Scientific Literacy, Science Education, Educational Innovation
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