ERIC Number: EJ1096077
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2016
Abstractor: As Provided
Outside School Time: An Examination of Science Achievement and Non-Cognitive Characteristics of 15-Year Olds in Several Countries
Suter, Larry E.
International Journal of Science Education, v38 n4 p663-687 2016
Elementary and secondary students spend more hours outside of class than in formal school and thus have more time for interaction with everyday science. However, evidence from a large international survey, Program of International Student Assessment (PISA) (OECD 2012), found a negative relationship between number of hours attending after-school science and science assessment scores in many countries, raising questions about why. The secondary analysis of the 2006, 2009, and 2012 PISA surveys found that in most Western countries the longer students attended after-school science programs (in a typical week), the lower their PISA standardized science test score, but the higher their positive attitudes toward future science careers, interest in science, and self-confidence in science. Several potential hypotheses for this relationship are examined and rejected. Further analysis of a causal relationship between frequent attendance in after-school programs and student achievement and attitudes should clearly identify the content of the program so that the analysis could distinguish experiences closely related to regular school curricula from the informal science activities that are not. A new analysis also should include carefully designed longitudinal surveys to test the effectiveness of informal experiences on later life choices in career and study.
Descriptors: Science Achievement, Evidence, International Assessment, After School Programs, Scientific Attitudes, National Surveys, Institutional Characteristics, Attendance, Correlation, Comparative Education, Adolescent Attitudes, Student Characteristics, Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Tests/Questionnaires; Reports - Research
Education Level: Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Program for International Student Assessment