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Le Hebel, Florence; Montpied, Pascale; Tiberghien, Andrée; Fontanieu, Valérie – International Journal of Science Education, 2017
The understanding of what makes a question difficult is a crucial concern in assessment. To study the difficulty of test questions, we focus on the case of PISA, which assesses to what degree 15-year-old students have acquired knowledge and skills essential for full participation in society. Our research question is to identify PISA science item…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Carvalho, Graca S.; Tracana, Rosa Branca; Skujiene, Grita; Turcinaviciene, Jurga – International Journal of Science Education, 2011
Textbook analysis is seen as a major element for studying environmental education addressing pupils, image analysis being rather relevant when studying textbooks written in 11 languages. We analysed 25 textbooks from 14 countries addressed to 14-16-year-old pupils, focusing on: (1) local and foreign/global images; (2) urban/rural and nature…
Descriptors: Environmental Education, Textbooks, Experiential Learning, Foreign Countries
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Cokelez, Aytekin; Dumon, Alain; Taber, Keith S. – International Journal of Science Education, 2008
The purpose of this study is to identify how upper secondary school French students (Grade 10-12) interpret chemical transformation with regards to the changes within molecules and atoms, and in terms of intramolecular and/or intermolecular bond breaking. In order to identify and describe the students' assimilated knowledge, four questions were…
Descriptors: Case Studies, Chemistry, Scientific Concepts, Grade 9
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Venturini, Patrice – International Journal of Science Education, 2007
The issue of students' engagement in learning physics has generally been analysed in science education research using attitudes towards science, or motivation to learn science. However, the corresponding studies have their limitations. Therefore, the object of this paper is to present and to analyse an alternative to these theoretical approaches;…
Descriptors: Physics, Learning Motivation, Science Education, Educational Research