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Kang, Jingoo; Hense, Jonathan; Scheersoi, Annette; Keinonen, Tuula – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Gender disparities in STEM fields have been under extensive study, the focus of which has been on future career aspirations. However, the primary phases in gender differences are still ambiguous when examined from this perspective, possibly due to the fact that most of the studies have targeted samples of upper secondary school or college…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Correlation, Science Interests, Foreign Countries
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Höft, Lars; Bernholt, Sascha – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
This paper presents the findings of a three-year longitudinal study (Grades 9-11; N = 756 students in German secondary schools; mean starting age = 14.7 years) that explores the development of and the interplay between upper-secondary students' individual interest and conceptual understanding in chemistry. Students' individual interest was…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Secondary School Science, Science Instruction, Longitudinal Studies
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Großmann, Nadine; Wilde, Matthias – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Experimentation is a complex problem-solving process. In biology lessons, experiments involve creative thinking and open discovery; however, they still require some degree of instructional guidance. The right balance between discovery learning and instructional guidance depends substantially on students' prior knowledge. Students with low prior…
Descriptors: Experiments, Biology, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Grade 7
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Kluge, Anders – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
This article investigates how interactive representations can be used to enhance conceptual learning. It is a naturalistic study of 14 students in four groups aged 16--17 years working with an interactive simulator. The article is based on qualitative data to enable analyses of the students' processes of conceptual learning as interactive…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Secondary School Students, Computer Simulation, Learning Processes
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Jansen, Susanne; Knippels, Marie-Christine P. J.; van Joolingen, Wouter R. – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Models are very important tools when learning and communicating about science. Models used in secondary school biology education range from concrete scale models, such as a model of a skeleton, to abstract concept-process models, such as a visualisation of meiosis. Understanding these concept-process models requires a profound understanding of the…
Descriptors: Models, Biology, Science Instruction, Secondary School Science
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Mujtaba, Tamjid; Sheldrake, Richard; Reiss, Michael J.; Simon, Shirley – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
There is a widespread concern that relatively few students, especially those from disadvantaged backgrounds, continue to study chemistry and other science subjects after compulsory education. Yet it remains unclear how different aspects of students' background and home context, their own attitudes and beliefs, and their experiences of particular…
Descriptors: Student Attitudes, Chemistry, Science Education, Student Characteristics
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Schultze, Felix; Nilsson, Pernilla – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
During the last decade there has been on-going discussions about students' declining interest and low achievement in science. One of the reasons suggested for this decline is that teachers and students have different frames of reference, whereby teachers sometimes communicate science in the classroom in a way that is not accessible to the…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Science Achievement, Science Instruction
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Sáinz, Milagros; Müller, Jörg – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
Drawing on expectancy-value theory, this study examines gender and family influences on students' career aspirations and attached values. 796 secondary Spanish students (M age = 16 years old, S.D. = 0.81) participated. 53% were boys. The results show that boys and students with mothers who have completed intermediate level education were more…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Family Influence, STEM Education, Academic Aspiration
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Olander, Clas; Wickman, Per-Olof; Tytler, Russell; Ingerman, Åke – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
The aim of this article is to investigate students' meaning-making processes of multiple representations during a teaching sequence about the human body in lower secondary school. Two main influences are brought together to accomplish the analysis: on the one hand, theories on signs and representations as scaffoldings for learning and, on the…
Descriptors: Human Body, Video Technology, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Foreign Countries
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Saido, G. A. M.; Siraj, S.; DeWitt, D.; Al-Amedy, O. S. – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
It is important for science students to develop higher order thinking (HOT) so that they can reason like scientists in the field. In this study, a HOT instructional model for secondary school science was developed with experts. The model would focus on reflective thinking (RT) and science process skills (SPS) among Grade 7 students. The Fuzzy…
Descriptors: Thinking Skills, Questionnaires, Science Instruction, Skill Development
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Magaji, A.; Ade-Ojo, G.; Betteney, M. – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
This mixed method study investigated the extent to which the use of a model built around student-led questioning and feedback improved the learner engagement and attainment of a cohort of students. It compared outcomes from an experimental with a control group of students in Key-Stage 3 using a set of parameters. It found that the experimental…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Instruction, Questioning Techniques, Feedback (Response)
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Kelemen-Finan, Julia; Scheuch, Martin; Winter, Silvia – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
Despite the rising popularity of Citizen Science (CS) projects, there is little empirical evidence for effects on learning outcomes, particularly when young people are involved. It is also often not clear how CS projects are linked to science education (SE) research. The aim of this study was to examine biodiversity CS projects in an outdoor…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Science Education, Citizen Participation, Biodiversity
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Vossen, T. E.; Henze, I.; Rippe, R. C. A.; Van Driel, J. H.; De Vries, M. J. – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
Research and design activities are often employed in STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering & Mathematics) education. This study aims to examine students' attitudes towards doing research and design activities in secondary school, among two groups of students: (1) students that take the quite recently introduced Dutch subject O&O (research…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Secondary School Students, Foreign Countries, Research and Development
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Machado, Juliana; Braga, Marco – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
This study investigates the modelling conceptualisation of secondary school students in two situations related to particle dynamics: pendulum's motion and horizontal motion. We performed in-depth clinical interviews with secondary school students (N = 10). Participants' ideas about properties which are not 'given' in empirical observations were…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Models, Scientific Principles, Science Instruction
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Chi, Shaohui; Liu, Xiufeng; Wang, Zuhao; Won Han, Seong – International Journal of Science Education, 2018
Scientific inquiry activities are considered as productive science instruction to improve students' science learning and achievement. Supportive teacher-student relationships and positive disciplinary climate in the classroom are also two important factors that could facilitate student learning. This study investigates whether the association…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Inquiry, Low Income Groups, Science Achievement
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