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Johnson, Martin; Rushton, Nicky – Educational Research, 2019
Background: The development of a set of questions is a central element of examination development, with the validity of an examination resting to a large extent on the quality of the questions that it comprises. This paper reports on the methods and findings of a project that explores how educational examination question writers engage in the…
Descriptors: Writing (Composition), Test Construction, Specialists, Protocol Analysis
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Child, Simon; Johnson, Martin; Mehta, Sanjana; Charles, Annabel – English in Education, 2015
There has been a long-standing debate about how 'English' can be defined. Educational policy changes have typically been driven by differing representations of the subject, and have ranged from broad 'aesthetic' definitions to more narrow 'functional' views. The present study aims to analyse areas of consensus and contention in stakeholders'…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Definitions, English, Language Attitudes
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Johnson, Martin; Shaw, Stuart – Irish Educational Studies, 2012
In Ireland and the UK it is accepted practice that agencies with formal responsibility for delivering school examinations allow examination candidates, and in many cases their teachers, to see their examination papers once they have been marked. Returned papers can carry various pieces of information; as well as the total score given for a…
Descriptors: Teaching Methods, Foreign Countries, Examiners, Teacher Response