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Agasisti, Tommaso; Avvisati, Francesco; Borgonovi, Francesca; Longobardi, Sergio – OECD Publishing, 2018
Resilience refers to the capacity of individuals to prosper despite encountering adverse circumstances. This paper defines academic resilience as the ability of 15-year-old students from disadvantaged backgrounds to perform at a certain level in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in reading, mathematics and science that…
Descriptors: Educationally Disadvantaged, Resilience (Psychology), Academic Persistence, Academic Achievement
OECD Publishing, 2018
PISA 2015 data show that, on average across OECD countries, as many as three out of four students from the lowest quarter of socio-economic status reach, at best, only the baseline level of proficiency (Level 2) in reading, mathematics or science. While in Canada, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, Germany, Hong Kong (China), Ireland, Japan, Korea, the…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
Avvisati, Francesco – OECD Publishing, 2018
Teachers are the most important school resource. In every country, teachers' salaries and training represent the greatest share of expenditure on education; and this investment in teachers can have significant returns. Research shows that being taught by the best teachers can make a real difference in the learning and life outcomes of otherwise…
Descriptors: Experienced Teachers, Teacher Effectiveness, Foreign Countries, Achievement Tests
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Jacobs, Babs; Wolbers, Maarten H. J. – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2018
This article examines the extent to which parental socioeconomic status (SES) affects the likelihood of a child becoming a top-performing student, offering an international perspective by reporting this relationship in 31 developed countries. The impact of 3 important educational system characteristics (differentiation in terms of early tracking,…
Descriptors: Parent Background, Socioeconomic Status, Probability, Academic Achievement
Cedefop - European Centre for the Development of Vocational Training, 2018
This research paper is the fifth in a series produced as part of the Cedefop project The changing nature and role of VET (2016-18). Based on comparative analysis of labour force survey data from 2014, the report analyses the vocational effect on labour market and education outcomes, asking whether any advantages conferred by vocational…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Educational Change, Vocational Education, Labor Market
OECD Publishing, 2018
Over the past century, technological development and better access to services has resulted in significant improvements to quality of life. Despite this, however, levels of stress, anxiety and depression are rising. Education can play a role in supporting well-being during and beyond schooling. Schools are increasingly concerned not only with…
Descriptors: Educational Trends, Well Being, Quality of Life, Self Esteem
OECD Publishing, 2017
Standardised tests help measure student's progress at school and can inform education policy about existing shortfalls. However, too much testing could lead to much pressure on students and teachers to learn and teach for a test, something that would take the joy out of the learning process. Many parents and educators are all too familiar with…
Descriptors: Achievement Tests, Foreign Countries, International Assessment, Secondary School Students
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Tan, Cheng Yong; Hew, Khe Foon – Educational Studies, 2017
The present study examined how access to home and school IT resources impacted student mathematics achievement. Data comprised 144,395 secondary school students from 7,308 schools in 22 developed economies who participated in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) 2012. Results of hierarchical linear modelling showed that after…
Descriptors: Access to Computers, Educational Technology, Technology Uses in Education, Mathematics Achievement
OECD Publishing, 2016
Socio-economically advantaged and disadvantaged students are not equally exposed to mathematics problems and concepts at school. Exposure to mathematics at school has an impact on performance, and disadvantaged students' relative lack of familiarity with mathematics partly explains their lower performance. Widening access to mathematics content…
Descriptors: Economically Disadvantaged, Equal Education, Educational Opportunities, Access to Education
Corten, Rense; Dronkers, Jaap – Education Working Paper Archive, 2006
We consider the question whether pupils from the lower social strata perform better in private government-dependent schools than in public or private-independent schools, using the PISA 2000 data on European high schools. In the eighty's, Coleman and Hoffer (1987) found in the USA that the performance of these pupils was better at religious…
Descriptors: Public Schools, Private Schools, Secondary School Students, Socioeconomic Status