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Kang, Jingoo; Hense, Jonathan; Scheersoi, Annette; Keinonen, Tuula – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Gender disparities in STEM fields have been under extensive study, the focus of which has been on future career aspirations. However, the primary phases in gender differences are still ambiguous when examined from this perspective, possibly due to the fact that most of the studies have targeted samples of upper secondary school or college…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Correlation, Science Interests, Foreign Countries
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Höft, Lars; Bernholt, Sascha – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
This paper presents the findings of a three-year longitudinal study (Grades 9-11; N = 756 students in German secondary schools; mean starting age = 14.7 years) that explores the development of and the interplay between upper-secondary students' individual interest and conceptual understanding in chemistry. Students' individual interest was…
Descriptors: Chemistry, Secondary School Science, Science Instruction, Longitudinal Studies
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Großmann, Nadine; Wilde, Matthias – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Experimentation is a complex problem-solving process. In biology lessons, experiments involve creative thinking and open discovery; however, they still require some degree of instructional guidance. The right balance between discovery learning and instructional guidance depends substantially on students' prior knowledge. Students with low prior…
Descriptors: Experiments, Biology, Scaffolding (Teaching Technique), Grade 7
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Kluge, Anders – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
This article investigates how interactive representations can be used to enhance conceptual learning. It is a naturalistic study of 14 students in four groups aged 16--17 years working with an interactive simulator. The article is based on qualitative data to enable analyses of the students' processes of conceptual learning as interactive…
Descriptors: Science Instruction, Secondary School Students, Computer Simulation, Learning Processes
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Jansen, Susanne; Knippels, Marie-Christine P. J.; van Joolingen, Wouter R. – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Models are very important tools when learning and communicating about science. Models used in secondary school biology education range from concrete scale models, such as a model of a skeleton, to abstract concept-process models, such as a visualisation of meiosis. Understanding these concept-process models requires a profound understanding of the…
Descriptors: Models, Biology, Science Instruction, Secondary School Science
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Struyf, Annemie; De Loof, Haydée; Boeve-de Pauw, Jelle; Van Petegem, Peter – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
In this paper, we explore how students' engagement varies in different STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics) learning environments. More specifically, we focus on the significance of a learning environment applying an integrated STEM (iSTEM) approach and the significance of STEM learning environments' student-centredness. Moreover,…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, STEM Education, Educational Environment, Educational Practices
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Wang, Yan; Lavonen, Jari; Tirri, Kirsi – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
This research compared how the scientific literacy-related goals of the current Chinese and Finnish national science curricula at primary school level are actualised using a revised Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) scientific literacy framework in the content analysis of the curricula. The content of the curricula focuses…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Comparative Education, Scientific Literacy, Science Curriculum
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Karakolidis, Anastasios; Pitsia, Vasiliki; Emvalotis, Anastassios – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
The importance of motivation-related factors in shaping students' academic achievement across a range of areas, including science, has been consistently acknowledged by the existing research literature. In an effort to improve students' science achievement, many education systems put particular emphasis on the enhancement of intrinsic (i.e.…
Descriptors: Low Achievement, Science Instruction, Student Role, Epistemology
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Le Hebel, Florence; Tiberghien, Andrée; Montpied, Pascale; Fontanieu, Valérie – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
This study focuses on the teachers' predictions of the students' performances -- in particular the middle-low achievers -- while solving tasks testing inquiry competencies. The tasks come from PISA science. More specifically we study science teachers' predictions for several aspects: levels of difficulty of the tasks, the potential sources of…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Teacher Expectations of Students, Prediction, Scientific Literacy
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Lykkegaard, Eva; Ulriksen, L. – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
The metaphor of the leaking pipeline is sometimes used to suggest that some students are lost for STEM as they advance through the educational system. This paper follows a cohort of upper-secondary school students with an interest in STEM from 18 months before their completion of upper-secondary until three years after their completion. Adopting a…
Descriptors: STEM Education, Secondary School Students, Career Choice, Science Careers
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Alred, Ashley R.; Doherty, Jennifer H.; Hartley, Laurel M.; Harris, Cornelia B.; Dauer, Jenny M. – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
An understanding of biological variation is important for understanding ecological interactions, ecosystem function, and species' response to environmental change. Biological variation is essential to species survival because natural selection acts upon the phenotypic variation within a population: the more varied the population's genetic…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Knowledge Level, Scientific Concepts
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Ardura, Diego; Galán, Arturo – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
The aim of the present investigation was to analyse the role of academic self-efficacy and approaches to learning in general and in Physics and Chemistry academic achievements. The sample comprised 507 secondary school students of two Spanish schools and the study was conducted in the context of a Physics and Chemistry subject. Structural equation…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Science Achievement, Learning Strategies, Self Efficacy
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Gonzales, Alicia C.; Purington, Stephanie; Robinson, Julie; Nieswandt, Martina – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
Research shows that collaborative work promotes student learning and improves social skills, but teachers are still exploring how to best support problem-solving in a small group context, particularly in the science classroom. This study builds on prior research to characterise teacher interactions with small groups in secondary science and…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Science Instruction, Biology, Science Teachers
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Ring, Malte; Brahm, Taiga; Randler, Christoph – International Journal of Science Education, 2019
In science, graphs are used to visualise data, relationships and scientific principles. Basic graph reading operations, i.e. reading single data points, recognising trends as well as conducting small extrapolations from the data are important skills for pupils and lay the groundwork for a comprehensive understanding of data visualisations across…
Descriptors: Graphs, Difficulty Level, Data Interpretation, Test Items