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Stevens, Elizabeth A.; Park, Sunyoung; Vaughn, Sharon – Remedial and Special Education, 2019
This systematic review examines the effects of summarizing and main idea interventions on the reading comprehension outcomes of struggling readers in Grades 3 through 12. A comprehensive search identified 30 studies published in peer-reviewed journals between 1978 and 2016. Studies included struggling reader participants in Grades 3 through 12;…
Descriptors: Reading Difficulties, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Expository Writing
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Williams, Kelly J.; Austin, Christy R.; Vaughn, Sharon – Journal of Special Education, 2018
This synthesis examined the effects of spelling interventions on spelling outcomes for students with disabilities in Grades 6 through 12. Thirteen single-case design studies were identified for inclusion in the review. No studies used a treatment/comparison design. The most common types of interventions involved systematic study strategies, such…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Spelling Instruction, Intervention, Disabilities
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Capin, Philip; Vaughn, Sharon – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2017
Significant numbers of adolescents and young adults do not adequately understand complex texts, impeding their school success, access to postsecondary learning, and opportunities within an increasingly competitive work environment. National data (National Assessment of Educational Progress [NAEP], 2015) have shown improvements among fourth- and…
Descriptors: Reading Improvement, Social Studies, Reading Difficulties, Reading Comprehension
Capin, Philip; Vaughn, Sharon – Grantee Submission, 2017
This article describes evidence-based practices that beginning special education teachers can readily implement in special or general education settings that promote reading and content outcomes for students with disabilities as well as general education students. We describe two approaches: (a) Promoting Adolescents' Comprehension of Text (PACT),…
Descriptors: Reading Improvement, Social Studies, Reading Difficulties, Reading Comprehension
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Wanzek, Jeanne; Vaughn, Sharon – New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2016
We describe teacher fidelity (adherence to the components of the treatment as specified by the research team) based on a series of studies of a multicomponent intervention, Promoting Acceleration of Comprehension and Content Through Text (PACT), with middle and high school social studies teachers and their students. Findings reveal that even with…
Descriptors: Fidelity, Curriculum Implementation, Intervention, Middle Schools
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Goldman, Susan R.; Snow, Catherine; Vaughn, Sharon – Journal of Adolescent & Adult Literacy, 2016
This article reflects a metaview of the work of the three research projects funded through the Institute for Education Sciences under the Reading for Understanding competition that addressed middle-grade through high school readers (grades 4-12). All three projects shared the assumption that instruction is necessary for successful reading to learn…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Teaching Methods, Adolescents, Secondary School Students
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El Zein, Farah; Solis, Michael; Vaughn, Sharon; McCulley, Lisa – Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 2014
The authors synthesized reading intervention studies conducted between 1980 and 2012 with K-12 students identified with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Nine single-subject design studies, one quasi-experimental study, and two single-group design studies met the criteria for inclusion. Findings from the studies indicate that modifying…
Descriptors: Meta Analysis, Reading Instruction, Intervention, Reading Difficulties
Swanson, Elizabeth; Vaughn, Sharon; Wexler, Jade – TEACHING Exceptional Children, 2017
When students read more, vocabulary knowledge increases (Cunningham & Stanovich, 2003; Krashen, 2004). Out of every 100 unknown words that students encounter while reading, they learn an average of 15 of them from text alone (Swanborn & de Glopper, 1999). In addition, as students age, they are more likely to infer word meanings, indicating…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Adolescents, Reading Instruction, Reading Comprehension
Swanson, Elizabeth; Vaughn, Sharon; Wexler, Jade – Grantee Submission, 2017
This article describes the importance of vocabulary knowledge in adolescents' reading comprehension, particularly for students with disabilities. Students with stronger vocabularies tend to have better background knowledge and improved understanding of content-area texts. We describe evidence-based vocabulary instructional practices that…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Content Area Reading, Direct Instruction, Disabilities
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Roberts, Greg; Vaughn, Sharon; Fall, Anna-Mária; Vaughn, Michael – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2013
Students transitioning from middle school to high school face a range of academic and social challenges. Academic content is more diverse and challenging, and its delivery is increasingly text based, requiring competence in literacy and problem-solving skill areas. Students entering 9th grade often struggle to find an appropriate peer group and…
Descriptors: Dropouts, Secondary School Students, Dropout Prevention, Intervention
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McCulley, Lisa V.; Katz, Sarah; Vaughn, Sharon – Advances in Special Education, 2013
Students with learning disabilities characteristically demonstrate unexpected underachievement and continued learning challenges in spite of appropriate instruction. Because reading is fundamental to competency of all future endeavors, reading interventions have been the focus of considerable public and professional attention. Intensive…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Learning Disabilities, Outcomes of Education, Reading Skills
Vaughn, Sharon; Wanzek, Jeanne – Grantee Submission, 2014
We use three data sources to build a rationale for why intensive interventions are necessary for students with pervasive reading disabilities: current data on the performance of students with disabilities on reading achievement measures over time, observation studies on students with reading disabilities in general and special education…
Descriptors: Intervention, Reading Difficulties, Reading Achievement, Observation
Roberts, Greg; Wexler, Jade; Vaughn, Sharon; Fall, Anna-Maria; Pyle, Nicole; Williams, Jacob – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2012
The study evaluates the efficacy of an intensive, reading intervention, a dropout prevention intervention, and an intensive, reading intervention plus dropout prevention on high school students' reading achievement and rates of dropout/school engagement. This paper focuses on the reading intervention and on reading outcomes. Data on the drop out…
Descriptors: Intervention, Individualized Reading, Dropout Prevention, Dropouts
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Vaughn, Sharon; Fletcher, Jack M. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2012
The authors summarize evidence from a multiyear study with secondary students with reading difficulties on (a) the potential efficacy of primary-level (Tier 1), secondary-level (Tier 2), and tertiary-level (Tier 3) interventions in remediating reading difficulties with middle school students, (b) the likelihood of resolving reading disabilities…
Descriptors: Evidence, Middle School Students, Reading Difficulties, Intervention
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Klingner, Janette K.; Vaughn, Sharon; Boardman, Alison; Swanson, Elizabeth – Jossey-Bass, An Imprint of Wiley, 2012
Collaborative Strategic Reading is an innovative new approach to teaching reading that weaves together two instructional programs: cooperative learning and reading comprehension strategy instruction. In small groups, students work through the four main steps-Preview, "Click and Clunk," Get the Gist, and Wrap Up-helping each other improve…
Descriptors: Video Technology, Reading Comprehension, Reading Fluency, Reading Consultants
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