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Buttaro, Anthony, Jr.; Catsambis, Sophia – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background: Ability grouping has resurged in U.S. schools despite long-standing debates over its consequences for educational equity. Proponents argue that it is the best response to variation in academic skills because it allows teachers to customize the content and pace of instruction to students' diverse needs. Critics answer that this practice…
Descriptors: Ability Grouping, Equal Education, Reading Instruction, Primary Education
Butler, Aaron; Poquette, Hannah – Kentucky Department of Education, 2019
The purpose of this study is to investigate the progress being made to close the current achievement gap in Kentucky. Guiding the study is the following research question: Which districts are closing racial and socioeconomic achievement gaps at rates that exceed expectations? The authors assess districts' progress in closing racial and…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, School Districts, Racial Differences, Ethnicity
Gallagher, H. Alix; Gong, Angela; Hough, Heather J.; Kennedy, Kate; Allbright, Taylor; Daramola, Eupha Jeanne – Policy Analysis for California Education, PACE, 2019
California's shift towards continuous improvement in education makes understanding how districts and schools can learn to improve a more pressing question than ever. The CORE Improvement Community (CIC), a network of California school districts engaged in learning about improvement together, is an important testing ground to learn about what this…
Descriptors: Educational Improvement, School Districts, Mathematics Achievement, African American Students
Thomas B. Fordham Institute, 2019
"Ohio Education by the Numbers" offers busy policy makers, journalists, and civic and business leaders simple and easy-to-use vital statistics about Ohio's schools and the students they serve. The facts and figures contained within offer an overview of Ohio's students; where they go to school; their achievement on national and state…
Descriptors: School Statistics, Statistical Data, Public Schools, Student Characteristics
O'Keefe, Bonnie; King, Melissa Steel; Aldeman, Chad – Bellwether Education Partners, 2019
In the past several decades, Boston has been a proving ground for new strategies such as mayoral control, charter schools, and expanded access to early childhood education. Located in a state known for rigorous standards and accountability, Boston Public Schools (BPS) has consistently ranked among the top-performing large public school districts…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Public Schools, Urban Schools, School Districts
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Atteberry, Allison; LaCour, Sarah E.; Burris, Carol; Welner, Kevin G.; Murphy, John – Teachers College Record, 2019
Background/Context: There is broad agreement about the benefits of taking AP and/or IB courses in high school. Nonetheless, student access to such courses remains uneven and inequitable, due largely to the practice of tracking students by perceived "ability." These tracking practices are often defended based on the contention that…
Descriptors: Track System (Education), Advanced Placement, Honors Curriculum, High School Students
Ruedel, Kristin; Nelson, Gena; Bailey, Tessie – National Center for Systemic Improvement at WestEd, 2018
The Florida Department of Education (FDOE) identified increasing the graduation rate of students with disabilities and decreasing the graduation gap between students with disabilities and all students as its state-identified measurable result (SIMR). To make progress toward the SIMR, the state sought to build the capacity of local education…
Descriptors: Data, Information Utilization, Graduation Rate, Outcomes of Education
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Relyea, Jackie Eunjung; Fitzgerald, Jill – Reading Psychology, 2018
The present study used data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study--Kindergarten Class of 1998-1999 to examine whether the relationship between first-grade word-reading and reading-comprehension growth through eighth grade was different for language-minority learners (LMs) versus native English-speaking students (NEs). Among high word…
Descriptors: English (Second Language), Second Language Learning, Native Speakers, Reading Comprehension
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Young, Jemimah Lea; Foster, Marquita D.; Druery, Donna M. – Middle Grades Review, 2018
The purpose of this study was to utilize an ethnically homogeneous design to examine Black female student U.S. History content-specific knowledge. The study aims to elucidate the importance of singlegroup analyses as an alternative to between-group comparative designs. The present study utilized a critical, quantitative, descriptive research…
Descriptors: Grade 8, African American Students, United States History, Females
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BenDavid-Hadar, Iris – International Journal of Educational Management, 2018
Purpose: Resource allocation is a key policy instrument that affects the educational achievement distribution (EAD). The literature on methods of allocation is focused mainly on equity issues. The purpose of this paper is to develop a composite funding formula, which adds to the equity-based element (i.e. a needs-based element compensating for…
Descriptors: Educational Finance, Resource Allocation, Funding Formulas, Educational Equity (Finance)
Achieve, Inc., 2018
In today's economy, preparation for career or college is essential. Yet too few students graduate with the knowledge or skills to directly enter college or a career. The time students spend in on-the-job training or catching up in remedial courses cost students and their families more both in time and money. Many of these students are caught off…
Descriptors: State Standards, Achievement Gap, Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement
Hansen, Michael; Levesque, Elizabeth; Valant, Jon; Quintero, Diana – Brookings Institution, 2018
This year's Brown Center Report (BCR) on American Education is the 17th issue overall since its beginning in 2000. The 2018 edition focuses on the state of social studies and civics education in U.S. schools. Like previous editions, which were authored by Tom Loveless, the report comprises three studies: The first chapter examines student…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Educational Legislation, Federal Legislation, Comparative Analysis
Clemens, Elysia V.; Klopfenstein, Kristin; Lalonde, Trent L.; Tis, Matt – Grantee Submission, 2018
As a result of the Every Student Succeeds Act and its requirement that students in foster care be included in education report cards, states have a renewed sense of urgency surrounding accountability for the academic achievement of this vulnerable group of students. This study examined the effects of placement and school stability on students'…
Descriptors: Foster Care, Academic Achievement, At Risk Students, Grade 4
García, Emma; Weiss, Elaine – Economic Policy Institute, 2018
A broader understanding of the importance of student behaviors and school climate as drivers of academic performance and the wider acceptance that schools have a role in nurturing the "whole child" have increased attention to indicators that go beyond traditional metrics focused on proficiency in math and reading. The 2015 passage of the…
Descriptors: Attendance Patterns, Student Behavior, At Risk Students, Academic Achievement
Skinner, Rebecca R. – Congressional Research Service, 2018
Assessing the achievement of students in elementary and secondary schools and the nation's educational progress is fundamental to informing education policy approaches. Congressional interest in this area includes and extends beyond the annual assessments administered by states to comply with the educational accountability requirements of Title…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Achievement Tests, Mathematics Achievement, Mathematics Tests
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