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Rouse, Heather; Goudie, Anthony; Rettiganti, Mallik; Leath, Katherine; Riser, Quentin; Thompson, Joseph – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: We examined prevalence, incidence, and trajectory of obesity from kindergarten through grade 8 in one of the first states to implement annual surveillance. Methods: Participants included 16,414 children enrolled in kindergarten in Arkansas in 2004 with complete body mass index (BMI) measurements in kindergarten and eighth grade.…
Descriptors: Incidence, Longitudinal Studies, Obesity, Kindergarten
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Schoeps, Konstanze; Montoya-Castilla, Inmaculada; Raufelder, Diana – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Based on Mayer and Salovey's model of emotional intelligence, this study examined whether perceived stress mediates the interplay of emotional intelligence and life satisfaction for girls and boys during early and middle adolescence. Methods: Using multigroup structural equation modeling with questionnaire data from a sample of Spanish…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Stress Variables, Emotional Intelligence, Life Satisfaction
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Thompson, Hannah R.; Linchey, Jennifer K.; King, Benjamin; Himes, John H.; Madsen, Kristine A. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: The accuracy of students' heights and weights measured by school staff for body mass index (BMI) screening/reporting has not been established. This study examined school staffs' measurement accuracy, comparing accuracy by staff- and student-level characteristics. Methods: School staff and researchers measured the height and weight of…
Descriptors: Body Composition, Grade 4, Grade 5, Grade 6
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Fredkove, Windy M.; Gower, Amy L.; Sieving, Renee E. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Adolescents are in a unique developmental stage, ideal for initiating healthy behaviors and benefiting from health promotion interventions. In this study, we used positive youth development and resilience frameworks, to investigate the role of internal assets as a protective factor for bullying and emotional distress among early…
Descriptors: Grade 8, Bullying, Computer Mediated Communication, Youth Programs
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de Groot, Renate; van Dijk, Martin; Savelberg, Hans; van Acker, Frederik; Kirschner, Paul – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Knowledge about the beneficial role of physical activity (PA) for health and school performance is growing. Studies investigating the link between PA and school absenteeism due to illness are lacking. Therefore, we investigated associations between habitual PA and school absenteeism due to illness in adolescents and explored whether…
Descriptors: Attendance, Physical Activities, Self Concept Measures, Self Esteem
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Huang, Francis L.; Cornell, Dewey G.; Konold, Timothy; Meyer, Joseph P.; Lacey, Anna; Nekvasil, Erin K.; Heilbrun, Anna; Shukla, Kathan D. – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: School climate is well recognized as an important influence on student behavior and adjustment to school, but there is a need for theory-guided measures that make use of teacher perspectives. Authoritative school climate theory hypothesizes that a positive school climate is characterized by high levels of disciplinary structure and…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Teacher Attitudes, Theories, Discipline
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Summersett-Ringgold, Faith C.; Li, Kaigang; Haynie, Denise L.; Iannotti, Ronald J. – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: Socioeconomic status (SES) influences students' school perceptions and affects their performance, engagement, and personal beliefs. This study examined the effects of school population SES and school resources on the association between student SES and student perceptions. Methods: School liking, classmate social relationships, family…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Influences, Student Attitudes, School Attitudes, Academic Achievement
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Cheng, Feon W.; Monnat, Shannon M.; Lohse, Barbara – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: "NEEDs for Bones" (NFB), based on the Health Belief Model, is a 4-lesson osteoporosis-prevention curriculum for 11- to 14-year-olds. This study examined the relationship between enjoyment of food tastings and interest in NFB. Methods:NFB was administered by teachers as part of standard practice and evaluated after the fourth…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Early Adolescents, Correlation, Food
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Lai, Hsiang-Ru; Chou, Wei-Lun; Miao, Nae-Fang; Wu, Yu-Ping; Lee, Pi-Hsia; Jwo, Jiunn-Chern – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: A good classroom environment can promote students' learning motivation and affect their academic efficacy and adaptation. This study compares the perceptions of Taiwanese middle school students regarding actual and preferred classroom environments and explores the association with sex and grade level. Methods: Data were collected using…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Student Attitudes, Classroom Environment, Foreign Countries
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Hood, Nancy E.; Colabianchi, Natalie; Terry-McElrath, Yvonne M.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Johnston, Lloyd D. – Journal of School Health, 2014
Background: Research on physical activity breaks and facilities (indoor and outdoor) in secondary schools is relatively limited. Methods: School administrators and students in nationally representative samples of 8th (middle school) and 10th/12th grade (high school) students were surveyed annually from 2008-2009 to 2011-2012. School administrators…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Administrators, Middle School Students, High School Students
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Grossman, Jennifer M.; Tracy, Allison J.; Charmaraman, Linda; Ceder, Ineke; Erkut, Sumru – Journal of School Health, 2014
Background: School-based comprehensive sex education programs can reduce early adolescents' risky sexual behavior. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of a 3-year comprehensive sex education program in delaying vaginal sex for middle school students and whether the family component of the intervention contributes to its…
Descriptors: Sex Education, Early Adolescents, Health Behavior, Sexuality
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Richmond, Tracy K.; Milliren, Carly; Walls, Courtney E.; Kawachi, Ichiro – Journal of School Health, 2014
Background: Social capital in neighborhoods and workplaces positively affects health. Less is known about the influence of school social capital on student health outcomes, in particular weight status. We sought to examine the association between individual- and school-level social capital and student body mass index (BMI). Methods: Analyzing data…
Descriptors: Social Capital, Child Health, Body Weight, Body Composition
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Taber, Daniel R.; Chriqui, Jamie F.; Powell, Lisa M.; Perna, Frank M.; Robinson, Whitney R.; Chaloupka, Frank J. – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: Schools of low socioeconomic status (SES) tend to sell fewer healthy competitive foods/beverages. This study examined whether state competitive food laws may reduce such disparities. Methods: School administrators for fifth- and eighth grade reported foods and beverages sold in school. Index measures of the food/beverage environments…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Status, Low Income Groups, Food, Food Service
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Andersen, Lori; Myers, Leann; O'Malley, Keelia; Mundorf, Adrienne R.; Harris, Diane M.; Johnson, Carolyn C. – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: Childhood obesity continues to be a public health problem in the United States. Increasing consumption of fruits and vegetables (F/V) is one strategy for decreasing high consumption of energy-dense, high-fat foods, thereby improving weight status. Many Orleans Parish public schools were provided with salad bars (SBs) to augment school…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Child Health, Food, Eating Habits
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Gates, Michelle; Hanning, Rhona M.; Gates, Allison; McCarthy, Daniel D.; Tsuji, Leonard J. S. – Journal of School Health, 2013
Background: Canadian Aboriginal youth have poorer diet quality and higher rates of overweight and obesity than the general population. This research aimed to assess the impact of simple food provision programs on the intakes of milk and alternatives among youth in Kashechewan and Attawapiskat First Nations (FNs), Ontario, Canada. Methods: A pilot…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Pilot Projects, Health Programs, Food
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