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Attali, Yigal; Powers, Don – ETS Research Report Series, 2008
This report describes the development of grade norms for timed-writing performance in two modes of writing: persuasive and descriptive. These norms are based on objective and automatically computed measures of writing quality in grammar, usage, mechanics, style, vocabulary, organization, and development. These measures are also used in the…
Descriptors: Grade 4, Grade 6, Grade 8, Grade 10
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Attali, Yigal; Burstein, Jill – ETS Research Report Series, 2005
The e-raterĀ® system has been used by ETS for automated essay scoring since 1999. This paper describes a new version of e-rater (v.2.0) that differs from the previous one (v.1.3) with regard to the feature set and model building approach. The paper describes the new version, compares the new and previous versions in terms of performance, and…
Descriptors: Essay Tests, Automation, Scoring, Comparative Analysis
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Sinharay, Sandip; von Davier, Matthias – ETS Research Report Series, 2005
The reporting methods used in large scale assessments such as the National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) rely on a "latent regression model." The first component of the model consists of a "p"-scale IRT measurement model that defines the response probabilities on a set of cognitive items in "p" scales…
Descriptors: National Competency Tests, Regression (Statistics), Predictor Variables, Student Characteristics