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Phillips, Gary W. – American Institutes for Research, 2014
This report uses international benchmarking as a common metric to examine and compare what students are expected to learn in some states with what students are expected to learn in other states. The performance standards in each state were compared with the international benchmarks used in two international assessments, and it was assumed that…
Descriptors: Academic Standards, State Standards, Benchmarking, Comparative Analysis
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Scherman, Vanessa; Howie, Sarah J.; Bosker, Roel J. – Educational Research and Evaluation, 2011
In information-rich environments, schools are often presented with a myriad of data from which decisions need to be made. The use of the information on a classroom level may be facilitated if performance could be described in terms of levels of proficiency or benchmarks. The aim of this article is to explore benchmarks using data from a monitoring…
Descriptors: Standard Setting, Foreign Countries, Grade 8, Ability