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Journal of School Health262
Showing 106 to 120 of 262 results Save | Export
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Dudovitz, Rebecca N.; Chung, Paul J.; Wong, Mitchell D. – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Poor academic (eg, "I am a bad student") and behavioral (eg, "I am a troublemaker") self-concepts are strongly linked to adolescent substance use. Social networks likely influence self-concept. However, little is understood about the role teachers and athletic coaches play in shaping both academic and behavioral…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Social Networks, Self Concept, Substance Abuse
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Nicklas, Theresa A.; O'Neil, Carol; Fulgoni, Victor, III – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: Some schools are removing flavored milk because of the perception that it negatively impacts children's overall diet. This study assessed the contribution of flavored milk to their diets. Methods: Individual usual intakes (IUI) were calculated from 24-hour dietary recalls of children 2-18 years (N = 20,329) participating in National…
Descriptors: Food, Incidence, Nutrition, Health Promotion
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Lim, Eunjung; Davis, James; Choi, So Yung; Chen, John J. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: From 5 to 7.5 million schoolchildren are chronically absent, defined as missing =15 days of school within a year. Students miss schools due to various reasons such as health, socioeconomic status, and environmental factors. We examined child's health and behavior, family structure, and sociodemographics to understand chronic…
Descriptors: Family Structure, Attendance, Child Health, Environmental Influences
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Huang, Francis L.; Cornell, Dewey G.; Konold, Timothy; Meyer, Joseph P.; Lacey, Anna; Nekvasil, Erin K.; Heilbrun, Anna; Shukla, Kathan D. – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: School climate is well recognized as an important influence on student behavior and adjustment to school, but there is a need for theory-guided measures that make use of teacher perspectives. Authoritative school climate theory hypothesizes that a positive school climate is characterized by high levels of disciplinary structure and…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Teacher Attitudes, Theories, Discipline
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Oman, Roy F.; Merritt, Breanca T.; Fluhr, Janene; Williams, Jean M. – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of a national comprehensive teen pregnancy prevention (TPP) intervention to a national abstinence-only TPP intervention on middle school students' knowledge, attitudes, and behaviors related to teen sexual behaviors in a state with high teen birth rates. Methods: Pre- and…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Pregnancy, Intervention, Early Parenthood
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Chung-Do, Jane J.; Goebert, Deborah A.; Chang, Janice Y.; Hamagani, Fumiaki – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: Evidence show that school connectedness is important to youth wellness. However, considerable inconsistency in the concepts and measures of school connectedness exists across studies. In addition, many measures do not capture the multifaceted dimensions of the school connectedness construct. This study examined the psychometric…
Descriptors: Program Evaluation, Rating Scales, Psychometrics, High School Students
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Smith, Nicole J.; Monnat, Shannon M.; Lounsbery, Monica A. F. – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: The purpose of this study was to compare physical activity (PA) outcomes in a sample of high school (HS) physical education (PE) lessons from schools that adopted "traditional" versus "modified block" schedule formats. Methods: We used the System for Observing Fitness Instruction Time (SOFIT) to conduct observations…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Physical Activity Level, Physical Education, High Schools
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Borawski, Elaine A.; Tufts, Kimberly Adams; Trapl, Erika S.; Hayman, Laura L.; Yoder, Laura D.; Lovegreen, Loren D. – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: We examined the differential impact of a well-established human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/sexually transmitted infections (STIs) curriculum, Be Proud! Be Responsible!, when taught by school nurses and health education classroom teachers within a high school curricula. Methods: Group-randomized intervention study of 1357 ninth and…
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Communicable Diseases, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Curriculum
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Wang, Y. Claire; Vine, Seanna; Hsiao, Amber; Rundle, Andrew; Goldsmith, Jeff – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: Income disparities in US youth in academic achievement appear to widen during the summer because of discontinued learning among children from lower-income households. Little is known about whether behavioral risk factors for childhood obesity, such as diet and physical activity, also demonstrate a widening difference by income when…
Descriptors: Family Income, Child Health, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students
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Summersett-Ringgold, Faith C.; Li, Kaigang; Haynie, Denise L.; Iannotti, Ronald J. – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: Socioeconomic status (SES) influences students' school perceptions and affects their performance, engagement, and personal beliefs. This study examined the effects of school population SES and school resources on the association between student SES and student perceptions. Methods: School liking, classmate social relationships, family…
Descriptors: Socioeconomic Influences, Student Attitudes, School Attitudes, Academic Achievement
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Dietrich, Timo; Rundle-Thiele, Sharyn; Leo, Cheryl; Connor, Jason – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: According to commercial marketing theory, a market orientation leads to improved performance. Drawing on the social marketing principles of segmentation and audience research, the current study seeks to identify segments to examine responses to a school-based alcohol social marketing program. Methods: A sample of 371 year 10 students…
Descriptors: Marketing, Alcohol Education, Drinking, Student Attitudes
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Lederer, Alyssa M.; King, Mindy H.; Sovinski, Danielle; Seo, Dong-Chul; Kim, Nayoung – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: Curtailing childhood obesity is a public health imperative. Although multicomponent school-based programs reduce obesity among children, less is known about the implementation fidelity of these interventions. This study examines process evaluation findings for the Healthy, Energetic Ready, Outstanding, Enthusiastic, Schools (HEROES)…
Descriptors: Obesity, Child Health, Institutional Characteristics, Health Promotion
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Rovis, Darko; Bezinovic, Petar; Basic, Josipa – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: Substance use, gambling, and violence represent a great risk for adolescent health. Schools are often referred to as the "best" places for health promotion and prevention, where positive school bonding serves as a strong protective factor for the development of risk behaviors and poor school bonding is associated with various…
Descriptors: Adolescents, At Risk Persons, Family Relationship, Student School Relationship
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Lazorick, Suzanne; Fang, Xiangming; Hardison, George T.; Crawford, Yancey – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: Motivating Adolescents with Technology to CHOOSE Health™ (MATCH) is an educational and behavioral intervention in seventh grade. Methods: Teachers in 2 schools delivered the MATCH curriculum, with 1 control school. Using a quasi-experimental design, outcome measures included lessons completed, body mass index (BMI), BMI z-score (zBMI),…
Descriptors: Body Composition, Body Weight, Early Adolescents, Grade 7
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Gråstén, Arto; Yli-Piipari, Sami; Watt, Anthony; Jaakkola, Timo; Liukkonen, Jarmo – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: The promotion of physical activity and health has become a universal challenge. The Sotkamo Physical Activity as Civil Skill Program was implemented to increase students' physical activity by promoting supportive psychological and physical school environment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the…
Descriptors: Program Effectiveness, Physical Activities, Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students
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