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Journal of School Health262
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Schoeps, Konstanze; Montoya-Castilla, Inmaculada; Raufelder, Diana – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Based on Mayer and Salovey's model of emotional intelligence, this study examined whether perceived stress mediates the interplay of emotional intelligence and life satisfaction for girls and boys during early and middle adolescence. Methods: Using multigroup structural equation modeling with questionnaire data from a sample of Spanish…
Descriptors: Anxiety, Stress Variables, Emotional Intelligence, Life Satisfaction
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Shanafelt, Amy; Magliocco, Brandon; Milbrath, Kathleen; Nanney, Marilyn; Caspi, Caitlin – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: School breakfast is an important nutritional component of a student's day. Many schools operate a school breakfast program, but high schools have low rates of participation. This study aimed to investigate the economic impact on school food service, of expanding the school breakfast program to increase participation in high schools.…
Descriptors: Breakfast Programs, High Schools, Food Service, Rural Schools
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Edwards, Katie M.; Sessarego, Stephanie N.; Banyard, Victoria L.; Rizzo, Andrew J.; Mitchell, Kimberly J. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Relationship abuse (RA) and sexual assault (SA) are major problems among high school students, and school personnel are an important part of preventing RA and SA among youth. Therefore, we examined the rates and correlates of bystander intentions among school personnel in situations of RA and SA. Methods: School personnel (N = 1150)…
Descriptors: School Personnel, Adolescents, Adolescent Attitudes, Interpersonal Relationship
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Lee, Seungmin; Shin, Myoungjin; Smith, Alan L. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Although physical activity can play a positive role in psychosocial development, few studies have longitudinally examined the relationship between physical activity from physical education (PA from PE) and perceived peer acceptance (PPA). Methods: Data from the Korean Children and Youth Panel Survey were used with 1908 elementary…
Descriptors: Child Health, Physical Activity Level, Physical Education, Peer Acceptance
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Rukavina, Paul; Doolittle, Sarah; Li, Weidong; Beale-Tawfeeq, Angela; Manson, Mara – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Establishing and maintaining a positive, inclusive social climate in school is essential, especially given the many potential social pressures that make school a toxic environment for vulnerable students. We explored middle school physical education (PE) teachers' perceptions of the factors that influence the implementation of…
Descriptors: Middle School Teachers, Physical Education Teachers, Teacher Attitudes, Physical Education
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Peralta, Louisa R.; Mihrshahi, Seema; Bellew, Bill; Reece, Lindsey J.; Hardy, Louise L. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Authorities recommend that youth undertake at least 60 minutes of daily moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA), with young people having the opportunity to undertake at least half of this MVPA during school hours. Methods: In this study, we examined the influence of school-level socioeconomic status (SES) on children's PA,…
Descriptors: Physical Fitness, Physical Activity Level, Socioeconomic Status, Barriers
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Dai, Chia-Liang – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Children from disadvantaged backgrounds are more apt to experience lower availability of nutritious foods, lack opportunities to exercise, and lack access to recreational facilities, and thus, are more likely to be obese and at greater risk for developing chronic diseases. We review school health education programs' impact on physical…
Descriptors: Health Education, Health Promotion, Physical Activity Level, Health Behavior
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Godin, Katelyn M.; Patte, Karen A.; Leatherdale, Scott T. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Many Canadian schools offer breakfast programs; however, students' engagement in these programs is low, while breakfast skipping is highly prevalent among youth. This study examined whether the availability of breakfast programs supports adolescents' regular breakfast eating, and identified characteristics of breakfast skippers who are…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Eating Habits, Breakfast Programs, Secondary School Students
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Hall, Meryn; Fullerton, Lynne; FitzGerald, Courtney; Green, Dan – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Youth suicide is a serious public health problem in the United States. School environments, and the attention of school adults, are promising but minimally studied avenues for promoting mental health among students. Methods: The 2013 New Mexico Youth Risk and Resiliency Survey data were analyzed to identify ways in which the school…
Descriptors: Resilience (Psychology), Suicide, Risk, Hispanic American Students
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Karvonen, Sakari; Tokola, Kari; Rimpelä, Arja – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: We studied school-level differences in academic achievement and well-being from 2002 to 2010 in the Helsinki Metropolitan Area, as well as the connection between academic achievement, well-being, and socioeconomic composition. Methods: The School Health Promotion Study covered 109 schools and 78% of schoolchildren (N = 100,413; aged 14…
Descriptors: Well Being, Academic Achievement, Institutional Characteristics, Metropolitan Areas
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Rozema, Andrea D.; Mathijssen, Jolanda J.P.; van Oers, Hans A.M.; Jansen, Maria W.J. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Although outdoor smoking bans at school are becoming important, it remains unclear whether successful implementation is feasible and what conditions promote it. Therefore, this study evaluates the implementation process by identifying important factors. Methods: Interviews were held with directors of 24 secondary schools that had…
Descriptors: Smoking, School Policy, Administrator Attitudes, Guidelines
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Kahan, David; McKenzie, Thomas L. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Although there are over 26,000 private schools in the United States, little is known about the relationship of their characteristics to mandated and recommended time allocations for physical education (PE). Methods: Private secondary schools (N = 450; grades 6-12) in California completed a 15-item questionnaire related to school…
Descriptors: Private Schools, Secondary Schools, Physical Education, Time Management
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Brown, Kristin M.; Elliott, Susan J.; Leatherdale, Scott T. – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Although schools are considered opportune settings for youth health interventions, a gap between school health research and practice exists. COMPASS, a longitudinal study of Ontario and Alberta secondary students and schools (2012-2021), used integrated knowledge translation to enhance schools' uptake of research findings. Schools…
Descriptors: Longitudinal Studies, Secondary Schools, Secondary School Students, Health Behavior
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Kerner, Charlotte; Haerens, Leen; Kirk, David – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: Significant proportions of young people experience body dissatisfaction, which has implications for psychological and physical well-being. Lesson content and perceived competence may be important variables for the experience of body dissatisfaction, yet these have been underexplored in physical education. The aim of this…
Descriptors: Human Body, Self Concept, Satisfaction, Physical Education
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Yun, Young Ho; Kim, Yaeji; Sim, Jin A.; Choi, Soo Hyuk; Lim, Cheolil; Kang, Joon-ho – Journal of School Health, 2018
Background: The objective of this study was to develop the School Health Score Card (SHSC) and validate its psychometric properties. Methods: The development of the SHSC questionnaire included 3 phases: item generation, construction of domains and items, and field testing with validation. To assess the instrument's reliability and validity, we…
Descriptors: School Health Services, Psychometrics, Test Construction, Test Validity
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