ERIC Number: EJ1207830
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Mentoring, Bullying, and Educational Outcomes among US School-Aged Children 6-17 Years
Azuine, Romuladus E.; Singh, Gopal K.
Journal of School Health, v89 n4 p267-278 Apr 2019
Background: Ensuring the optimum development of all children and their attainment of age-appropriate educational outcomes is of great interest to public health researchers and professionals. Bullying and mentoring have opposite effects on child development and educational attainment. Mentoring exerts protective effects on youths against risky behaviors; however, the protective effects of community-oriented natural or informal mentoring on educational outcomes and bullying are largely underexplored. We examine associations between mentoring, bullying, and educational outcomes among US school-aged children 6-17 years. Methods: We analyzed the 2011-2012 National Survey of Children's Health (N = 65,593) to estimate prevalence and odds of repeating a grade in school, lower school engagement, and bullying perpetration according to mentoring receipt and sociodemographic characteristics. Results: Overall, 5.4% of US school-aged children without a mentor perpetrated bullying against other children; 11.4% repeated more than one grade in school; and 23.0% had low school engagement. Children without mentors had 2.1 and 1.3 times higher adjusted odds, respectively, of bullying other children and low school engagement than those with mentors. Proportion of children who bullied others or repeated grades was higher among minority children. Conclusions: Findings indicate that mentoring may be a pathway for providing programs that prevent bullying and improve educational outcomes among school-aged children.
Descriptors: Child Development, Child Health, National Surveys, Public Health, Bullying, Mentors, Educational Attainment, Risk, Health Behavior, Correlation, Elementary School Students, Secondary School Students, Grade Repetition, Learner Engagement, Minority Group Students, Outcomes of Education, Incidence, Student Characteristics
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Secondary Education
Authoring Institution: N/A