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Barnes, Margaux; Davis, Krista; Mancini, Mackenzie; Ruffin, Jasmine; Simpson, Tina; Casazza, Krista – Journal of School Health, 2016
Background: A unique biological shift in sleep cycles occurs during adolescence causing later sleep and wake times. This shift is not matched by a concurrent modification in school start times, resulting in sleep curtailment for a large majority of adolescents. Chronic inadequate sleep is associated with poor academic performance including…
Descriptors: Adolescents, High School Students, Educational Change, Middle School Students
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Herbert, Patrick C.; Lohrmann, David K. – Journal of School Health, 2011
Background: This study explores the relationship between instructional strategies and effective health education curricula. Methods: A content analysis of 10 health education curricula was conducted to determine if they include common instructional strategies for actively engaging students in acquisition of health skills. To be included, the…
Descriptors: Learning Strategies, Educational Strategies, Health Education, Curriculum
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Bosworth, Kris; Ford, Lysbeth; Hernandaz, Diley – Journal of School Health, 2011
Background: To ensure that schools are safe places where students can learn, researchers and educators must understand student and faculty safety concerns. This study examines student and teacher perceptions of school safety. Methods: Twenty-two focus groups with students and faculty were conducted in 11 secondary schools. Schools were selected…
Descriptors: Grounded Theory, Neighborhoods, Student Attitudes, School Safety
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Rutledge, Carolyn M.; Rimer, Don; Scott, Micah – Journal of School Health, 2008
Background: In recent years, a number of tragedies have been linked to the Goth culture. Most alarming have been the acts of violence, suicide, and self-harm found among teens. Teachers, parents, administrators, and fellow students are at a loss on how to relate to such students. They are unsure what role they might play in addressing some of the…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Suicide, School Role, School Personnel
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Henry, Kimberly L. – Journal of School Health, 2007
Background: Truancy is a serious concern that affects most school districts in the United States; however, we do not have accurate estimates of the prevalence of truancy due to inconsistent tracking and reporting practices of schools. As a result, our best current estimates of the national state of truancy may be from self-reported data. In this…
Descriptors: Attendance Patterns, Behavior Patterns, Correlation, Drug Use
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Bond, Lyndal; Wolfe, Sarah; Tollit, Michelle; Butler, Helen; Patton, George – Journal of School Health, 2007
Background: Bullying occurs in all schools. Measuring bullying in schools is complicated because both definitions of bullying and methods for measuring bullying vary. This study compared a brief 12-item Gatehouse Bullying Scale (GBS) with items drawn from the Peer Relations Questionnaire (PRQ), a well-established bullying questionnaire to measure…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Secondary School Students, Questionnaires, Validity
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Cohen, Deborah A.; Taylor, Stephanie L.; Zonta, Michela; Vestal, Katherine D.; Schuster, Mark A. – Journal of School Health, 2007
Background: The Surgeon General has called for an expansion of school-based extracurricular sports programs to address the obesity epidemic. However, little is known about the availability of and participation in high school extracurricular sports and how participation in these sports is related to high-risk behaviors. Methods: We surveyed Los…
Descriptors: Athletics, High Schools, Extracurricular Activities, School Recreational Programs
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Evans, Garret D.; Reader, Steven; Liss, Heidi J.; Wiens, Brenda A.; Roy, Antara – Journal of School Health, 2006
School districts are increasingly initiating random drug-testing (RDT) programs in an effort to curb substance-use rates among students, yet little is known about student attitudes toward RDT and potential obstacles to program acceptance and effectiveness. The authors surveyed 1011 9th through 11th grade students in 2 rural high schools in North…
Descriptors: Drug Use Testing, School Districts, Rural Areas, Student Attitudes
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Bishop, John H.; Bishop, Matthew; Bishop, Michael; Gelbwasser, Lara; Green, Shanna; Peterson, Erica; Rubinsztaj, Anna; Zuckerman, Andrew – Journal of School Health, 2004
Parents know adolescents can be cruel. They do not want their child rejected by peers. What is it like to be denigrated by one's middle school classmates? How common is a predatory anti-teacher peer culture in junior high school? Does it typically last into high school? How do peer norms of different crowds in a school get established? Who sets…
Descriptors: Questionnaires, Norms, Ethnography, Educational Policy
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Paxton, Raheem J.; Valois, Robert F.; Drane, J. Wanzer – Journal of School Health, 2004
The study examined associations among physical activity, cigarette smoking, body mass index, perceptions of body weight, weight-management goals, and weight-management behaviors of public high school adolescents. The CDC Youth Risk Behavior Survey provided a cross-sectional sample (n = 3,089) of public high school students in South Carolina.…
Descriptors: Self Concept, Physical Activities, Smoking, Public Schools
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Kubik, Martha Y.; Lytle, Leslie; Fulkerson, Jayne A. – Journal of School Health, 2004
This study assessed the interest of alternative high school staff in intervention research on students' eating and physical activity habits and the feasibility of conducting such research in alternative school settings. A two-phase descriptive design incorporated both quantitative and qualitative methods. In fall/winter 2001-2002, alternative high…
Descriptors: Physical Activities, Dietetics, Health Behavior, High School Students