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Layzer, Carolyn; Rosapep, Lauren; Barr, Sherry – Journal of School Health, 2017
Background: This process study is a companion to a randomized evaluation of a school-based, peer-led comprehensive sexual health education program, Teen Prevention Education Program (Teen PEP), in which 11th- and 12th-grade students are trained by school health educators to conduct informative workshops with ninth-grade peers in schools in North…
Descriptors: Sexuality, Sex Education, Health Education, Program Descriptions
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Thomason, Diane L.; Feng, Du – Journal of School Health, 2016
Background: Measuring adolescent perceptions of physical education (PE) activities is necessary in understanding determinants of school PE activity participation. This study assessed reliability and validity of the Physical Education Activities Scale (PEAS), a 41-item visual analog scale measuring high school adolescent perceptions of school PE…
Descriptors: Reliability, Validity, Physical Education, Adolescents
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Richmond, Tracy K.; Milliren, Carly; Walls, Courtney E.; Kawachi, Ichiro – Journal of School Health, 2014
Background: Social capital in neighborhoods and workplaces positively affects health. Less is known about the influence of school social capital on student health outcomes, in particular weight status. We sought to examine the association between individual- and school-level social capital and student body mass index (BMI). Methods: Analyzing data…
Descriptors: Social Capital, Child Health, Body Weight, Body Composition
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Webster, Lauren; Chaiton, Michael; Kirst, Maritt – Journal of School Health, 2014
Background: This study explores the patterns of use and co-use of tobacco and cannabis among Ontario adolescents over 3 decades and if characteristics of co-users and single substance users have changed. Methods: Co-use trends for 1981-2011 were analyzed using the Centre for Addiction and Mental Health Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey,…
Descriptors: Smoking, Marijuana, Substance Abuse, Adolescents
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Langille, Donald B.; Asbridge, Mark; Azagba, Sunday; Flowerdew, Gordon; Rasic, Daniel; Cragg, Amber – Journal of School Health, 2014
Background: Associations of lower school connectedness have been seen with adolescent sexual risk behaviors, but little is known about gender differences with respect to these relationships. Understanding any such differences could contribute to better supporting the school environment to promote youth sexual health. Methods: We used provincially…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Adolescent Attitudes, Health Behavior, Risk
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Andersen, Lori; Myers, Leann; O'Malley, Keelia; Mundorf, Adrienne R.; Harris, Diane M.; Johnson, Carolyn C. – Journal of School Health, 2015
Background: Childhood obesity continues to be a public health problem in the United States. Increasing consumption of fruits and vegetables (F/V) is one strategy for decreasing high consumption of energy-dense, high-fat foods, thereby improving weight status. Many Orleans Parish public schools were provided with salad bars (SBs) to augment school…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Child Health, Food, Eating Habits
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Hobin, Erin P.; Leatherdale, Scott; Manske, Steve; Dubin, Joel A.; Elliott, Susan; Veugelers, Paul – Journal of School Health, 2013
Background: This study examined differences in students' time spent in physical activity (PA) across secondary schools in rural, suburban, and urban environments and identified the environment-level factors associated with these between school differences in students' PA. Methods: Multilevel linear regression analyses were used to examine the…
Descriptors: Secondary School Students, Foreign Countries, Physical Activities, Rural Urban Differences
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Pazzaglia, Gina; Williams, Christine – Journal of School Health, 2012
To reduce the risk of intolerance to differences, prejudice, stereotyping, and discrimination, students must be open to understanding the perspectives of different groups. Early introduction of healthy eating practices and physical activity in childhood is essential for healthy physical and emotional development. The same is true for the early…
Descriptors: Cultural Awareness, Consciousness Raising, Food, Eating Habits
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Maslow, Gary; Haydon, Abigail A.; McRee, Annie-Laurie; Halpern, Carolyn T. – Journal of School Health, 2012
Background: Youth with childhood-onset chronic illness (COCI) are at risk of poor educational attainment. Specific protective factors that promote college graduation in this population have not been studied previously. In this study, we examine the role protective factors during adolescence play in promoting college graduation among young adults…
Descriptors: Young Adults, Chronic Illness, Child Health, At Risk Students
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Gahagan, Jacqueline C.; Jason, Timothy; Leduc, Derek – Journal of School Health, 2012
Background: Male adolescents underutilize youth health centers' (YHC) services despite facing a variety of significant health issues. The purpose of our study was to explore adolescent males' perceptions of health service needs, utilization of YHC services, and barriers and facilitators for such utilization as a function of school grade among a…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Males, Adolescents, School Health Services
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Hall, P. Cougar; Lindsay, Gordon B.; West, Joshua H. – Journal of School Health, 2011
The influence of media on adolescents' health practices and behaviors, including personal values, beliefs, and perceived norms cannot be overstated. Youth media consumption continues to increase. Media messages are carefully designed to persuade the consumer to believe or do something. Some of the most persuasive media messages can be found in…
Descriptors: Health Education, Health Promotion, Smoking, Behavioral Objectives
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Santabarbara, Todd; Erbe, Ryan; Cooper, Scott – Journal of School Health, 2009
Intimate or romantic relationships for young people today play an integral role in their health and quality of life. Between the ages of 11 and 13 students become more interested in the opposite sex and as a result they begin to develop more intimate relationships. Around this age students are learning to deal with these feelings of attraction and…
Descriptors: Interpersonal Relationship, Health Education, Intimacy, Sexuality
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Faulkner, Guy E. J.; Adlaf, Edward M.; Irving, Hyacinth M.; Allison, Kenneth R.; Dwyer, John – Journal of School Health, 2009
Background: There is strong theoretical and empirical support for school connectedness as an important element of healthy youth development. The primary objective of this study was to replicate previous research identifying factors differentiating youth who do not feel connected to their schools in a sample of adolescents in Ontario, Canada. A…
Descriptors: Adolescents, At Risk Students, Secondary School Students, Student School Relationship
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Zapata, Lauren B.; Hillis, Susan D.; Marchbanks; Polly A.; Curtis, Kathryn M.; Lowry, Richard – Journal of School Health, 2008
Background: Lifetime methamphetamine use among adolescents is estimated to be between 5% and 10%. Youth substance use in general is known to be associated with risky sexual behaviors, but the effect of methamphetamine use on recent risky sexual behaviors and adolescent pregnancy has received little attention. The purpose of this analysis was to…
Descriptors: Adolescents, Stimulants, Drug Use, Health Behavior