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Showing 1 to 15 of 30 results Save | Export
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Blaisdell, Amanda J.; Olsen, Larry K. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Health educators in public high schools can provide educational interventions to reduce teen unintended pregnancy and sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Characteristics of teachers and schools influence their decision to provide condom education. Studies to determine characteristics must be conducted so HIV/sex education can be…
Descriptors: Barriers, Sexuality, Health Education, Intervention
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Mark, Lauraliisa; Värnik, Airi; Sisask, Merike – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Bullying has been associated with many mental health problems. The effect of bullying has been found to be affected by the way students are involved in bullying. The purpose of the study was to explore the association between mental well-being, hopelessness, and being involved in bullying (as a bully, victim, or bully-victim), and to…
Descriptors: Bullying, Victims, Mental Health, Well Being
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Matjasko, Jennifer L.; Holland, Kristin M.; Holt, Melissa K.; Espelage, Dorothy L.; Koenig, Brian W. – Journal of School Health, 2019
BACKGROUND: School-based extracurricular activity participation is one of the primary avenues for prosocial activity engagement during adolescence. In this study, we test the "overscheduling hypothesis" or whether the negative relationship between structured activity intensity (ie, hours) and adolescent bullying and fighting levels off…
Descriptors: Extracurricular Activities, Behavior Problems, Bullying, Prosocial Behavior
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Daily, Shay M.; Mann, Michael J.; Kristjansson, Alfgeir L.; Smith, Megan L.; Zullig, Keith J. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Emergent evidence suggests a positive school climate may be a promising population-level intervention to promote academic achievement and student well-being. However, researchers have called for expanding the school climate evidence-base to better describe how the construct is associated with student outcomes. The purpose of this study…
Descriptors: Educational Environment, Academic Achievement, Correlation, Middle School Students
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Kim, Suhee; Kim, Gwang Suk – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Despite the environment being recognized as playing an important role in health, little is known about the influence of school and community factors on student health. This study aimed to identify the ecological factors influencing obesity among middle school students, including intrapersonal, interpersonal, school, and community…
Descriptors: Middle School Students, Obesity, Environmental Influences, School Nurses
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Martinez-Ospina, Andrea; Sudfeld, Christopher R.; González, Silvia A.; Sarmiento, Olga L. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: In Colombia, the prevalence of overweight/obesity in children has increased by 26% in the past 5 years. School food environment may be an important contributor and offers opportunities for effective intervention. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study among 7- to 14-year-old schoolchildren from 10 schools in Bogotá, Colombia. We…
Descriptors: Food, Educational Environment, Obesity, Body Weight
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Fallin-Bennett, Amanda; Goodin, Amie – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use among lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) high school students as well as related environment and school-level risk and protective factors were examined. Methods: Data was acquired from the 2015 CDC's Youth Behavior Risk Survey for Kentucky (N = 2577). Prevalence of substance use was calculated for…
Descriptors: Substance Abuse, Bullying, Correlation, Homosexuality
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Summit, Aleza K.; Friedman, Emmeline; Stein, Tara B.; Gold, Marji – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: With recent recommendations from professional organizations, long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) methods are considered appropriate first-line contraception for adolescents. Many school-based health centers (SBHCs) in New York City (NYC) have recently added onsite LARC insertion and management to their contraceptive options. We…
Descriptors: Contraception, Educational Environment, Health Services, Program Implementation
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Garcia, Aileen S.; Takahashi, Shinya; Anderson-Knott, Mindy; Dev, Dipti – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Physical activity (PA) has long been acknowledged to contribute health benefits among children. However, research has consistently shown that PA declines as children grow older. Thus, this study examined the factors which are associated to children's PA in order to identify potential barriers to PA. Methods: Using data from the…
Descriptors: Physical Activity Level, Child Health, Health Behavior, Barriers
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Krtinic, Gordana; Duric, Predrag – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: The leading cause of nonfatal injuries in age group 14-19 is sports injuries. Purpose of the study was to determine the association between intense physical activity and injury and to identify the circumstances and environment in which injuries are most likely to occur. Methods: A prospective cohort study included 698 high school…
Descriptors: Injuries, Athletics, Adolescents, Correlation
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Reesor, Layton; Moreno, Jennette P.; Johnston, Craig A.; Hernandez, Daphne C. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Research shows that elementary students gain weight over the summer. It is unknown if these findings apply to Hispanic adolescents. We evaluated school and summer standardized body mass index (zBMI) changes in Hispanic middle school students. Methods: Hispanic middle school students were randomly assigned to a weight management program…
Descriptors: Obesity, Health Promotion, Outcomes of Treatment, Low Income Students
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Rouse, Heather; Goudie, Anthony; Rettiganti, Mallik; Leath, Katherine; Riser, Quentin; Thompson, Joseph – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: We examined prevalence, incidence, and trajectory of obesity from kindergarten through grade 8 in one of the first states to implement annual surveillance. Methods: Participants included 16,414 children enrolled in kindergarten in Arkansas in 2004 with complete body mass index (BMI) measurements in kindergarten and eighth grade.…
Descriptors: Incidence, Longitudinal Studies, Obesity, Kindergarten
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Guerra, Laura A.; Rajan, Sonali; Roberts, Katherine J. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Poor mental health outcomes persist among adolescent youth. Secondary schools play a critical role in fostering positive mental health by implementing policies and practices grounded in evidence. The factors associated with implementation, however, are unclear. This study examines which school- and state-level factors are associated…
Descriptors: Mental Health, Mental Disorders, Secondary School Students, School Policy
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Manaseri, Holly; Roberts, Kelly D.; Barker, Linda Toms; Tom, Tammy – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: The US Office of Adolescent Health (OAH) funded studies of teen pregnancy and sexually transmitted infection (STI) prevention programs in 2010. The results of a 5-year OAH study conducted in the state of Hawai'i with middle school youth has implications for school leaders in the selection and implementation of comprehensive sex…
Descriptors: Pregnancy, Prevention, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Middle School Students
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Azuine, Romuladus E.; Singh, Gopal K. – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: Ensuring the optimum development of all children and their attainment of age-appropriate educational outcomes is of great interest to public health researchers and professionals. Bullying and mentoring have opposite effects on child development and educational attainment. Mentoring exerts protective effects on youths against risky…
Descriptors: Child Development, Child Health, National Surveys, Public Health
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