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Seage, Steven J.; Türegün, Mehmet – International Journal of Research in Education and Science, 2020
Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) programs serving students from low socioeconomic areas are understudied in the literature. More research studies need to be conducted to make informed instructional decisions for students who may be at a disadvantage compared to their peers from higher socioeconomic areas. The purpose of…
Descriptors: Blended Learning, STEM Education, Science Achievement, Elementary School Students
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Hung, Man; Smith, William A.; Voss, Maren W.; Franklin, Jeremy D.; Gu, Yushan; Bounsanga, Jerry – Education and Urban Society, 2020
This study examined factors contributing to achievement gaps between White and African American students in 2,868 diverse school districts across the United States. Using pooled data across five school years (2008-2013), six grade levels (grades third to eighth, which typically include students aged 8 years-14 years) and two different subjects…
Descriptors: Achievement Gap, White Students, African American Students, Racial Differences
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Muschkin, Clara G.; Ladd, Helen F.; Dodge, Kenneth A.; Bai, Yu – Educational Policy, 2020
Based on growing evidence of the long-term benefits of enriched early childhood experiences, we evaluate the potential for addressing gender disparities in elementary school through early care and education programs. Specifically, we explore the community-wide effects of two statewide initiatives in North Carolina on gender differences in academic…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4
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Silinskas, Gintautas; Kikas, Eve – Scandinavian Journal of Educational Research, 2019
The present study examined the longitudinal associations between children's perceptions of parental involvement in math homework (control and support) and their math performance and motivation (task-persistent homework behavior and math self-concept). Children (n = 512) reported their perceptions concerning parental involvement in sixth-grade math…
Descriptors: Parent Participation, Mathematics Instruction, Homework, Foreign Countries
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Kilgus, Stephen P.; Izumi, Jared T.; Von der Embse, Nathaniel P.; Van Wie, Michael P.; Eklund, Katie; Taylor, Crystal N.; Iaccarino, Stephanie – School Psychology, 2019
The purposes of this study were twofold. The first was to use latent class analysis to identify groupings of students defined by the presence or absence of academic or behavioral risk. The second was to determine whether these groups differed across various dichotomous academic and behavioral outcomes (e.g., suspensions, office discipline…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
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Rambo-Hernandez, Karen E.; Peters, Scott J.; Plucker, Jonathan A. – Journal of Advanced Academics, 2019
Despite considerable reform activity surrounding K-12 education over the past 20 years, racial and socioeconomic disparities among students who achieve at advanced levels have received little attention. This study examined how excellence gaps, defined as differences in performance at the 90th percentile of subgroups, change over time and their…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Achievement Gap, Achievement Tests, Reading Achievement
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Blanton, Maria; Stroud, Rena; Stephens, Ana; Gardiner, Angela Murphy; Stylianou, Despina A.; Knuth, Eric; Isler-Baykal, Isil; Strachota, Susanne – American Educational Research Journal, 2019
A cluster randomized trial design was used to examine the effectiveness of a Grades 3 to 5 early algebra intervention with a diverse student population. Forty-six schools in three school districts participated. Students in treatment schools were taught the intervention by classroom teachers during regular mathematics instruction. Students in…
Descriptors: Algebra, Grade 3, Grade 4, Grade 5
Garron, Zella Ruth – ProQuest LLC, 2019
The problem addressed in this study was students who have not been able to demonstrate proficiency in performing mathematical computation, algebraic and geometrical reasoning, number sense proficiency and mathematical processing while in grades 3 through 8 are not prepared to successfully complete the high school high stakes Algebra 1 ECA…
Descriptors: Opportunities, Mathematics Achievement, Scores, Trend Analysis
Derby, Katherine E. – ProQuest LLC, 2019
The enVisionmath 2.0 curriculum was implemented by a medium-sized school district to improve achievement for all elementary students because the district felt that students were underperforming in mathematics. The belief of underperformance mirrors the performance of U.S. students on international measures. For instance, the performance of U.S.…
Descriptors: Mathematics Instruction, Elementary School Students, Mathematics Achievement, Low Achievement
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Anderson, Daniel – School Effectiveness and School Improvement, 2019
Much research has evaluated teacher- or school-level variance in students' achievement as a proxy for teacher or school effects. These effects have almost exclusively been estimated across years with state-level testing data. In this paper, interim assessment data, collected across 9 time points in the fall, winter, and spring of Grades 3 to 5…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Achievement Gains, Teacher Effectiveness
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Weidinger, Anne F.; Steinmayr, Ricarda; Spinath, Birgit – Developmental Psychology, 2019
In line with the reciprocal internal/external frame of reference model (RI/E model), it is well-established that secondary school students generate domain-specific ability self-concepts by comparing their own performance in a domain socially (i.e., with others' performance in this domain) and dimensionally (i.e., with their own performance in…
Descriptors: Ability, Self Concept, Elementary Schools, Elementary School Students
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Kvande, Marianne Nilsen; Bjørklund, Oda; Lydersen, Stian; Belsky, Jay; Wichstrøm, Lars – European Journal of Special Needs Education, 2019
As traditional teaching methods may fail to serve children with special needs, special education (SE) services aim to compensate for the shortcomings of conventional schooling. However, despite of numerous studies on the effectiveness of SE services, the influence of potential selection bias remains a real challenge, and only a few studies have…
Descriptors: Outcomes of Education, Special Education, Academic Achievement, Special Needs Students
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Colmar, Susan; Liem, Gregory Arief D.; Connor, Julie; Martin, Andrew J. – Educational Psychology, 2019
Academic buoyancy is a construct relevant to the schooling lives of students, defining how they overcome or 'bounce back' from everyday academic adversity. The present study was correlational in design and examined academic buoyancy in 191 upper primary-aged students, focusing on its association with reading and mathematics performance, and the…
Descriptors: Correlation, Self Concept, Academic Achievement, Mathematics Instruction
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King, Kathleen R.; Gonzales, Christine Rivera; Reinke, Wendy M. – Journal of Emotional and Behavioral Disorders, 2019
Students with early indicators of behavior risk have predictable, negative outcomes, and those with co-existing academic problems have significantly more negative outcomes. Identifying academic subclasses of students with behavior risk can inform integrated interventions and school-based problem-solving teams. In addition, identifying academic…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Behavior Problems, Elementary School Students, Reading Achievement
Kuhfeld, Megan – Phi Delta Kappan, 2019
It has been common knowledge for decades that poor and working-class students tend to experience "summer learning loss," a drop in performance between spring and fall that serves to widen the gap between students. However, new research shows that the reality of summer learning loss is more complex. Megan Kuhfeld draws on data from the…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Achievement Gains, Academic Achievement, Reading Achievement
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