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Steacy, Laura M.; Compton, Donald L.; Petscher, Yaacov; Elliott, James D.; Smith, Kathryn; Rueckl, Jay G.; Sawi, Oliver; Frost, Stephen J.; Pugh, Kenneth R. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2019
As children learn to read, they become sensitive to context-dependent vowel pronunciations in words, considered a form of statistical learning. The work of Treiman and colleagues demonstrated that readers' vowel pronunciations depend on the consonantal context in which the vowel occurs and reading experience. Using explanatory item-response models…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Vowels, Context Effect, Pronunciation
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Hebbecker, Karin; Förster, Natalie; Souvignier, Elmar – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2019
Research on reading achievement and reading motivation has rarely addressed the question if and how they affect each other over time. In our study, we investigate the reciprocal effects between reading achievement and both intrinsic and extrinsic reading motivation during elementary school. We measured reading achievement and intrinsic and…
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Reading Motivation, Incentives, Foreign Countries
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Van Der Ven, Sanne; de Bree, Elise – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2019
Spelling is influenced by implicit cues, but less is known about variability in this reliance. We assessed whether the influence of three implicit cues on Dutch past tense spelling was moderated by grade, literacy, and format. An Auditory infinitive, Written infinitive, and Picture+cloze format was completed by 68 third-graders and 47…
Descriptors: Indo European Languages, Morphemes, Spelling, Cues
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Khelifi, Rachid; Sparrow, Laurent; Casalis, Séverine – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2019
In the present study, the frequency effect was examined specifically in text reading in developing and expert readers. Third graders, fifth graders, and expert readers read the same short text containing high- and low-frequency words while their eye movements were recorded. The frequency effect was observed in temporal and spatial measures of eye…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Comparative Analysis, Elementary School Students, Grade 3
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Boerma, Inouk E.; Mol, Suzanne E.; Jolles, Jelle – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2017
Children with a rich home literacy environment generally show better reading comprehension. For children in the higher grades of primary school, this relation is thought to be indirect. We propose a model in which this relation ran via children's higher order language and cognitive skills (i.e., expressive verbal ability and mentalizing ability)…
Descriptors: Family Literacy, Family Environment, Expressive Language, Verbal Ability
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Wang, Hua-Chen; Wass, Malin; Castles, Anne – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2017
Paired-associate learning is a dynamic measure of the ability to form new links between two items. This study aimed to investigate whether paired-associate learning ability is associated with success in orthographic learning, and if so, whether it accounts for unique variance beyond phonological decoding ability and orthographic knowledge. A group…
Descriptors: Paired Associate Learning, Orthographic Symbols, Foreign Countries, Grade 3
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Elleman, Amy M.; Steacy, Laura M.; Olinghouse, Natalie G.; Compton, Donald L. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2017
Although instruction has been shown to be effective at increasing vocabulary knowledge and comprehension, factors most important for promoting the acquisition of novel vocabulary are less known. In addition, few vocabulary studies have utilized models that simultaneously take into account child-level, word-level, and instructional factors to…
Descriptors: Reading Instruction, Vocabulary Development, Elementary School Students, Grade 3
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Kearns, Devin M.; Rogers, H. Jane; Koriakin, Taylor; Al Ghanem, Reem – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2016
This study addresses whether reading involves a process termed semantic and phonological ability to adjust recoding (SPAAR). It was hypothesized that SPAAR helps readers link inaccurate pronunciations to lexical entries (e.g., "spynitch" to "spinach"). Psychometric properties of the Mispronunciation Correction Task (MCT), a…
Descriptors: Semantics, Phonology, Reading Skills, Cognitive Processes
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Sideridis, Georgios D.; Simos, Panagiotis; Mouzaki, Angeliki; Stamovlasis, Dimitrios – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2016
The study explored the moderating role of rapid automatized naming (RAN) in reading achievement through a cusp-catastrophe model grounded on nonlinear dynamic systems theory. Data were obtained from a community sample of 496 second through fourth graders who were followed longitudinally over 2 years and split into 2 random subsamples (validation…
Descriptors: Naming, Reading Processes, Reading Achievement, Grade 2
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Lonigan, Christopher J.; Burgess, Stephen R. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2017
Confirmatory factor analyses of data from 1,501 kindergarten to 5th-grade children who completed 3 measures of decoding, 3 measures of reading comprehension, and 3 measures of listening comprehension as part of a larger study were used to identify the dimensionality of reading skills across elementary school. A 1-factor (reading) model was the…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Elementary School Students, Reading Comprehension, Decoding (Reading)
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Kieffer, Michael J.; Petscher, Yaacov; Proctor, C. Patrick; Silverman, Rebecca D. – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2016
Language comprehension is crucial to reading. However, theoretical models and recent research raise questions about what constitutes this multifaceted domain. We present two related studies examining the dimensionality of language comprehension and relations to reading comprehension in the upper elementary grades. Studies 1 (Grade 6; N = 148) and…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Language Skills, Reading Comprehension, Grade 6
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Deacon, S. Hélène; Kieffer, Michael J.; Laroche, Annie – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2014
We examined the role of a hypothesized factor in reading comprehension: morphological awareness, or the awareness of and ability to manipulate the smallest meaningful units or morphemes. In this longitudinal study, we measured English-speaking children's morphological awareness, word reading skills, and reading comprehension at Grades 3 and 4, in…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Morphology (Languages), Phonological Awareness, Longitudinal Studies
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Quémart, Pauline; Casalis, Séverine – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2014
We report two experiments that investigated whether phonological and/or orthographic shifts in a base word interfere with morphological processing by French 3rd, 4th, and 5th graders and adults (as a control group) along the time course of visual word recognition. In both experiments, prime-target pairs shared four possible relationships:…
Descriptors: Phonology, Orthographic Symbols, Morphology (Languages), Language Processing
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Connor, Carol McDonald; Phillips, Beth M.; Kim, Young-Suk Grace; Lonigan, Christopher J.; Kaschak, Michael P.; Crowe, Elizabeth; Dombek, Jennifer; Al Otaiba, Stephanie – Scientific Studies of Reading, 2018
Testing a component model of reading comprehension in a randomized controlled trial, we evaluated the efficacy of 4 interventions that were designed to target components of language and metacognition that predict children's reading comprehension: vocabulary, listening comprehension, comprehension of literate language, academic knowledge, and…
Descriptors: Reading Comprehension, Intervention, Elementary School Students, Metacognition