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Magro, Sophia W.; Utesch, Till; Dreiskämper, Dennis; Wagner, Jenny – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2019
Though it is well-established that self-esteem develops from childhood well into old age, little is known about the processes that influence this change, especially among young populations. This international, cross-sequential study examined the development of self-esteem in 1599 second-graders (Age M[subscript T1] = 7.99, SD[subscript T1] = 0.52…
Descriptors: Self Esteem, Child Development, Grade 2, Elementary School Students
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Oesterlen, Eva; Seitz-Stein, Katja – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2019
In contrast to classical phonological span tasks, which require verbal recall, those used in self-reliant, group-administrable working memory measurement contain a visuospatial response format. As a consequence, these tasks involve recoding, executive, and visual search requirements in addition to encoding and storage processes. To examine…
Descriptors: Children, Adults, Phonology, Short Term Memory
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Pitzer, Jennifer; Skinner, Ellen – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2017
Students perform better in school to the extent they are able to engage fully, cope adaptively, and bounce back from obstacles and setbacks in their academic work. These three processes, which studies suggest are positively inter-connected, may comprise a self-sustaining system that enables "motivational resilience." Using…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Change, Student Motivation, Resilience (Psychology)
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Gommans, Rob; Cillessen, Antonius H. N. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2015
Children's peer relationships are frequently assessed with peer nominations. An important methodological issue is whether to collect unlimited or limited nominations. Some researchers have argued that the psychometric differences between both methods are negligible, while others have claimed that one is superior over the other. The current study…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Peer Relationship, Comparative Analysis
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Hayashi, Hajimu; Shiomi, Yuki – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2015
This study examined whether children understand that people selectively conceal or express emotion depending upon the context. We prepared two contexts for a verbal display task for 70 first-graders, 80 third-graders, 64 fifth-graders, and 71 adults. In both contexts, protagonists had negative feelings because of the behavior of the other…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Grade 1, Grade 3, Grade 5
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Silinskas, Gintautas; Dietrich, Julia; Pakarinen, Eija; Kiuru, Noona; Aunola, Kaisa; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Hirvonen, Riikka; Muotka, Joona; Nurmi, Jari-Erik – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2015
In the present study, we examined the extent to which the responses of teachers and mothers toward a particular child are similar in respect to their instructional support and affect, and whether child characteristics predict these responses. The data of 373 Finnish child-teacher-mother triads (178 girls, 195 boys) were analysed. Teachers and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Elementary School Students, Elementary School Teachers, Mothers