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Zhang, Xiao; Räsänen, Pekka; Koponen, Tuire; Aunola, Kaisa; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Nurmi, Jari-Erik – Child Development, 2020
Mathematical difficulties have been distinguished as mathematics learning disability (MLD) and persistent low achievement (LA). Based on 1,880 Finnish children who were followed from kindergarten (age 6) to fourth grade, this study examined the early risk factors for MLD and LA. Distinct groups of MLD (6.0% of the sample) and LA (25.7%) children…
Descriptors: Learning Problems, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Skills, Learning Disabilities
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Gibbs, Lisa; Nursey, Jane; Cook, Janette; Ireton, Greg; Alkemade, Nathan; Roberts, Michelle; Gallagher, H. Colin; Bryant, Richard; Block, Karen; Molyneaux, Robyn; Forbes, David – Child Development, 2019
Social disruption caused by natural disasters often interrupts educational opportunities for children. However, little is known about children's learning in the following years. This study examined change in academic scores for children variably exposed to a major bushfire in Australia. Comparisons were made between children attending high,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Academic Achievement, Elementary School Students, Natural Disasters
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Smith, Emilie Phillips; Witherspoon, Dawn P.; Osgood, D. Wayne – Child Development, 2017
Positive youth development (PYD) deserves more empirical attention, particularly among children of diverse racial-ethnic backgrounds. Given the need among families for monitoring and supervision during out-of-school time, community-based afterschool is a potentially promotive ecological setting. This study explores the quality of afterschool…
Descriptors: Youth Programs, After School Programs, Elementary School Students, Grade 2
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Hughes, Jan N.; Im, Myung H. – Child Development, 2016
Between-child and within-child effects of teacher-student warmth and conflict on children's peer-nominated disliking and liking across Grades 1-4 (ages 6-10) were investigated in a sample of 746 ethnically diverse and academically at-risk children in Texas. Multilevel modeling controlled for time-invariant between-child differences while modeling…
Descriptors: Teacher Student Relationship, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Garon-Carrier, Gabrielle; Boivin, Michel; Guay, Frédéric; Kovas, Yulia; Dionne, Ginette; Lemelin, Jean-Pascal; Séguin, Jean R.; Vitaro, Frank; Tremblay, Richard E. – Child Development, 2016
This study examined the associations between intrinsic motivation and achievement in mathematics in a sample of 1,478 Canadian school-age children followed from Grades 1 to 4 (ages 7-10). Children self-reported their intrinsic motivation toward mathematics, whereas achievement was measured through direct assessment of mathematics abilities.…
Descriptors: Motivation, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Little, Callie W.; Hart, Sara A.; Quinn, Jamie M.; Tucker-Drob, Elliot M.; Taylor, Jeanette; Schatschneider, Christopher – Child Development, 2017
This study explores the co-development of two related but separate reading skills, reading fluency and reading comprehension, across Grades 1-4. A bivariate biometric dual change score model was applied to longitudinal data collected from 1,784 twin pairs between the ages of 6 and 10 years. Grade 1 skills were influenced by highly overlapping…
Descriptors: Reading Skills, Reading Instruction, Reading Fluency, Reading Comprehension
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Koerber, Susanne; Mayer, Daniela; Osterhaus, Christopher; Schwippert, Knut; Sodian, Beate – Child Development, 2015
The development of scientific thinking was assessed in 1,581 second, third, and fourth graders (8-, 9-, 10-year-olds) based on a conceptual model that posits developmental progression from naïve to more advanced conceptions. Using a 66-item scale, five components of scientific thinking were addressed, including experimental design, data…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Thinking Skills, Parent Background, Educational Attainment
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Yang, Fan; Chen, Xinyin; Wang, Li – Child Development, 2015
This study examined reciprocal contributions between shyness-sensitivity and social, school, and psychological adjustment in urban Chinese children. Longitudinal data were collected once a year from Grade 3 to Grade 6 (ages 9-12 years) for 1,171 children from multiple sources. Shyness-sensitivity positively contributed to social, school, and…
Descriptors: Psychological Patterns, Child Development, Adjustment (to Environment), Social Development
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Miele, David B.; Son, Lisa K.; Metcalfe, Janet – Child Development, 2013
Recent studies have shown that the metacognitive judgments adults infer from their experiences of encoding effort vary in accordance with their naive theories of intelligence. To determine whether this finding extends to elementary schoolchildren, a study was conducted in which 27 third graders (M[subscript age] = 8.27) and 24 fifth graders…
Descriptors: Metacognition, Evaluative Thinking, Intelligence, Elementary School Students
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Quinn, Jamie M.; Wagner, Richard K.; Petscher, Yaacov; Lopez, Danielle – Child Development, 2015
The present study followed a sample of first-grade (N = 316, M[subscript age] = 7.05 at first test) through fourth-grade students to evaluate dynamic developmental relations between vocabulary knowledge and reading comprehension. Using latent change score modeling, competing models were fit to the repeated measurements of vocabulary knowledge and…
Descriptors: Child Development, Vocabulary Development, Reading Comprehension, Elementary School Students