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Träff, Ulf; Olsson, Linda; Skagerlund, Kenny; Östergren, Rickard – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2020
This study examined cognitive precursors of hierarchical mathematical development. Six-year-old children (n = 258) were assessed on number skills, cognitive skills, and arithmetic 1 year prior to school entry. Skills in advanced arithmetic and advanced mathematics were assessed in Grades 3 and 6, respectively. Path analyses were computed and…
Descriptors: Young Children, Numeracy, Numbers, Mathematics Skills
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Zawoyski, Andrea; Ardoin, Scott P. – School Psychology Review, 2019
Reading comprehension assessments often include multiple-choice (MC) questions, but some researchers doubt their validity in measuring comprehension. Consequently, new assessments may include more short-answer (SA) questions. The current study contributes to the research comparing MC and SA questions by evaluating the effects of anticipated…
Descriptors: Eye Movements, Elementary School Students, Children, Test Format
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Garcia, Elisa B.; Sulik, Michael J.; Obradovic, Jelena – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2019
Teacher-report is commonly used to assess executive functions (EFs) in schools, but teachers' perceptions of EF skills may be biased by students' demographic characteristics. In this short-term longitudinal study, we assessed whether students' gender, ethnicity, and English language learner (ELL) status predicted teachers' reports of students'…
Descriptors: Teacher Attitudes, Executive Function, Gender Differences, Ethnicity
Costa, Lara-Jeane; Green, Melissa; Sideris, John; Hooper, Stephen R. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2018
The primary aim of this study was determining Grade 1 cognitive predictors of students at risk for writing disabilities in Grades 2 through 4. Applying cognitive measures selected to align with theoretical and empirical models of writing, tasks were administered to Grade 1 students assessing fine-motor, linguistic, and executive functions: 84 at…
Descriptors: Predictor Variables, Elementary School Students, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Tobia, Valentina; Fasola, Anna; Lupieri, Alice; Marzocchi, Gian Marco – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
This study aimed to explore the spatial numerical association of response codes (SNARC), the flanker, and the numerical distance effects in children with mathematical difficulties. From a sample of 720 third, fourth, and fifth graders, 60 children were selected and divided into the following three groups: typically developing children (TD; n =…
Descriptors: Mathematics Skills, Reading Difficulties, Grade 3, Grade 4
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van Viersen, Sietske; Kroesbergen, Evelyn H.; Slot, Esther M.; de Bree, Elise H. – Journal of Learning Disabilities, 2016
This study investigated how gifted children with dyslexia might be able to mask literacy problems and the role of possible compensatory mechanisms. The sample consisted of 121 Dutch primary school children that were divided over four groups (typically developing [TD] children, children with dyslexia, gifted children, gifted children with…
Descriptors: Dyslexia, Academically Gifted, Reading Skills, Elementary School Students
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Ye, Ai; Hansen, Nicole; Resnick, Ilyse; Carrique, Jessica; Jordan, Nancy – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2016
The purpose of the present study was to reveal the developmental pathway from third grade cognitive competencies to sixth grade conceptual and procedural fraction knowledge through the intervening whole numerical skills at fifth grade. The study used empirical data that come from 536 students in nine schools across two Delaware public school…
Descriptors: Fractions, Number Concepts, Mathematics Skills, Numeracy
Costa, Lara-Jeane C.; Edwards, Crystal N.; Hooper, Stephen R. – Learning Disability Quarterly, 2016
This longitudinal study was conducted to determine (a) the rate of co-occurrence of reading disabilities (RDs) in a writing disability (WD) population of students followed from first grade to fourth grade and (b) the cognitive burden that is assumed by having a WD and a RD (WD + RD). The sample included 137 first-grade students from a single…
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Writing Difficulties, Reading Difficulties, Multiple Disabilities
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Hirvonen, Riikka; Poikkeus, Anna-Maija; Pakarinen, Eija; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Nurmi, Jari-Erik – Early Education and Development, 2015
Research Findings: The purpose of this study was to identify the developmental trajectories of impulsive behavior among 378 Finnish children who were followed from kindergarten to 4th grade. In addition to ratings of children's impulsivity, the analyses included measures of motivation, cognitive skills, socioemotional adjustment, and…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Kindergarten, Young Children, Grade 1
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Dahlin, Karin I. E. – Journal of Education and Learning, 2013
Working Memory (WM) has a central role in learning. It is suggested to be malleable and is considered necessary for several aspects of mathematical functioning. This study investigated whether work with an interactive computerised working memory training programme at school could affect the mathematical performance of young children. Fifty-seven…
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Mathematics Achievement, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Computer Assisted Instruction
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Hoang, Thienhuong – Journal of the American Academy of Special Education Professionals, 2010
The educational community is discussing response-to-intervention (RTI) as an alternative assessment method. This study investigates assessment elements (beginning text level, ending text level, and number of weeks' participation) of the Reading Recovery (RR) program as part of a future RTI model. By means of a discriminant function analysis, third…
Descriptors: Response to Intervention, Reading Difficulties, Learning Disabilities, Grade 3