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Lin, Xunyi; Li, Hui – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2019
Parental beliefs about play and learning are part of the "belief-context" of early childhood development and can thus make a key difference for the child. Previous studies have focused on cross-cultural comparisons, and therefore have neglected intra-cultural variations. This study sampled 163 Chinese mothers with children aged two to…
Descriptors: Asians, Mothers, Play, Academic Achievement
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Zeytinoglu, Selin; Calkins, Susan D.; Leerkes, Esther M. – International Journal of Behavioral Development, 2019
Cognitive flexibility is a sophisticated form of executive functions that predicts a range of adaptive outcomes; however, little is known about which caregiving behaviors predict the rapid improvements in children's cognitive flexibility during early childhood. This study examined whether ordinary variations in mothers' provision of emotional and…
Descriptors: Problem Solving, Early Childhood Education, Mothers, Cognitive Ability
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Todhunter-Reid, Abigail – Arts Education Policy Review, 2019
The aim of this study was to estimate the within-child associations of in-school arts education and achievement in reading and mathematics, using four waves of data (kindergarten, 1st-grade, 3rd-grade, and 5th-grade) from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study. Fixed effects techniques were applied to adjust for the confounding effects of all…
Descriptors: Art, Art Education, Academic Achievement, Kindergarten
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Lepola, Janne; Hannula-Sormunen, Minna – Educational Studies in Mathematics, 2019
In this 3-year longitudinal study, we examined the interplay of children's motivational orientations, spontaneous focusing on numerosity (SFON) and number sequence and arithmetical skills from kindergarten (at age 6) to grade 1 (at age 7). We also examined the direct and indirect contributions of motivation and SFON to the acquisition of…
Descriptors: Arithmetic, Correlation, Predictor Variables, Mathematics Achievement
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Rouse, Heather; Goudie, Anthony; Rettiganti, Mallik; Leath, Katherine; Riser, Quentin; Thompson, Joseph – Journal of School Health, 2019
Background: We examined prevalence, incidence, and trajectory of obesity from kindergarten through grade 8 in one of the first states to implement annual surveillance. Methods: Participants included 16,414 children enrolled in kindergarten in Arkansas in 2004 with complete body mass index (BMI) measurements in kindergarten and eighth grade.…
Descriptors: Incidence, Longitudinal Studies, Obesity, Kindergarten
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Quinn, Margaret F.; Bingham, Gary E. – Reading Research Quarterly, 2019
Young children's writing development (i.e., writing occurring in preschool and kindergarten prior to the skilled, fluent writing associated with formal schooling) is an important predictor of later literacy achievement. Current policy movements, such as the Common Core State Standards, invoke increased composing demands, yet research has often…
Descriptors: Emergent Literacy, Writing Skills, Preschool Children, Kindergarten
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Jiang, Yong; Li, Peiwei; Wang, Jingying; Li, Hui – Journal of Research in Childhood Education, 2019
This study investigated the relationships between perceived teacher empowerment, job satisfaction, and organizational climate among 206 randomly sampled kindergarten teachers in Shanghai, China. Chinese versions of the School Participant Empowerment Scale, the Teacher Work Satisfaction Survey, and the Organizational Climate Scale were validated…
Descriptors: Correlation, Kindergarten, Preschool Teachers, Teacher Empowerment
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Curran, F. Chris – Education Finance and Policy, 2019
Recent evidence demonstrates that disparities by race/ethnicity and socioeconomic status in science achievement are present in the earliest grades of school. Preschool represents one potential policy solution; however, little research has explored the relationship between preschool attendance and science outcomes. This study examines whether…
Descriptors: Preschool Education, Program Effectiveness, Science Achievement, Kindergarten
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Torppa, Minna; Soodla, Piret; Lerkkanen, Marja-Kristiina; Kikas, Eve – Journal of Research in Reading, 2019
Background: The present study examined differences in the prediction of reading development and reading difficulties in Estonia (n = 348) and Finland (n = 344). These neighbouring countries share many similarities in terms of their language, orthography and educational system; however, they differ in the timing of the onset of reading instruction,…
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Kindergarten, Grade 1, Grade 2
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Son, Seung-Hee Claire; Choi, Ji Young; Kwon, Kyong-Ah – Early Education and Development, 2019
Research Findings: The present study examined patterns of longitudinal associations between inhibitory control (IC) and early academic skills during the preschool and kindergarten years. Using data from the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey Cohort 2009 (FACES 2009) (N = 939), a national data set of predominantly low-income children…
Descriptors: Early Intervention, Inhibition, Academic Ability, Preschool Children
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Davies, Patrick T.; Thompson, Morgan J.; Coe, Jesse L.; Sturge-Apple, Melissa L.; Martin, Meredith J. – Developmental Psychology, 2019
Guided primarily by life history theory, this study was designed to identify how and why early exposure to caregiver intimate relationship instability uniquely predicts children's externalizing symptoms in the context of other dimensions of unpredictability characterized by residential and parental job transitions. Participants included 243…
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Structural Equation Models, Interpersonal Relationship, Parent Child Relationship
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Emen, Meltem; Aslan, Durmus – Journal of Education and Educational Development, 2019
Perspective taking is a fundamental skill that helps us to understand others' thoughts, feelings and perceptions. Past studies have shown that there were significant relations between young children's perspective taking abilities and age, gender, formal schooling and socioeconomic status. The present study was conducted to investigate the…
Descriptors: Perspective Taking, Language Acquisition, Vocabulary Development, Preschool Children
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Reid, Erin K.; Keller-Margulis, Milena A.; Schanding, G. Thomas; Tolar, Tammy D. – Journal of Applied School Psychology, 2019
A concerning number of students fail to achieve writing proficiency, yet little attention has been devoted to examining why this occurs. While robust evidence indicates that behavior impacts reading and math achievement, the relationship between behavior and writing skills is unclear, particularly among young students. The authors examined the…
Descriptors: At Risk Students, Predictor Variables, Writing Achievement, Writing Instruction
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Özçakir, Bilal; Konca, Ahmet Sami; Arikan, Nihat – International Journal of Progressive Education, 2019
Early mathematics education bases a foundation of academic success in mathematics for higher grades. Studies show that introducing mathematical contents in preschool level is a strong predictor of success in mathematics for children during their progress in other school levels. Digital technologies can support children's learning mathematical…
Descriptors: Mathematics Education, Geometric Concepts, Concept Formation, Preschool Children
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Lewis, Emily A.; Weixler, Lindsay Bell – Early Education and Development, 2019
Research Findings: This study investigates the role of fine motor and mathematics instruction in mathematics achievement in an international sample of kindergarteners from the United States and China. Multilevel modeling was used to assess the interaction between students' entering skills and classroom time spent on basic math, higher-order math…
Descriptors: Psychomotor Skills, Mathematics Instruction, Mathematics Achievement, Kindergarten
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