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ERIC Number: EJ1224270
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2019-Aug
Pages: 17
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: EISSN-1072-4303
Pausing Patterns Preceding and Following Adverbial Clause Conjunctions in English: A Prosodic Analysis of Native and Non-Native Speakers of English
KiliƧ, Mehmet; Bada, Erdogan
TESL-EJ, v24 n2 Aug 2019
This quasi-experimental research explores the difference between the pausing patterns of native English and nonnative Turkish speakers of English concerning their pause durations preceding and following English adverbial clause conjunctions. The findings reveal statistically significant differences between native and nonnative participants for two conjunctions, namely "because" and "whereas." The study analyzes in detail the potential reasons for the difference and attributes the difference to three types of transfer: (i) transfer from teacher and teaching practices, (ii) transfer of cognitive planning habits in spontaneous speech to read speech, and (iii) transfer from other learners. Moreover, through experimental intervention, the current research tries to raise awareness in nonnative participants regarding their idiosyncratic pausing patterns. Based on the findings from the posttest measurements, we conclude that it is possible to fine-tune the pausing behavior of nonnative speakers of English. The study contributes to the literature on the teaching of temporal characteristics of speech.
TESL-EJ. e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Turkey
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Michigan Test of English Language Proficiency