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Lewis, Maria M.; Garces, Liliana M.; Frankenberg, Erica – Educational Researcher, 2019
As the federal entity in charge of enforcing civil rights law, the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) plays a critical role in addressing the vast inequities that exist in U.S. education. Through an analysis of the policy guidance OCR issued for a number of areas during the Obama administration, we illustrate the agency's…
Descriptors: Public Agencies, Civil Rights, Agency Role, Law Enforcement
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Boykin, Tiffany Fountaine; Palmer, Robert T. – Journal of Negro Education, 2016
The racial diversification of America's higher education system has been at the forefront of legal argument for the last seventy-five years. Ground-breaking decisions birthed the inclusion of affirmative action policies in higher education after the enactment of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. In recent years, both the utility and constitutionality…
Descriptors: School Segregation, Racial Segregation, Affirmative Action, Higher Education
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Nieli, Russell K. – Academic Questions, 2008
Diversity is said to bring about a host of educational benefits, yet on campus or off, things aren't working out the way diversity experts planned. In this article, the author reviews recent research challenging the "contact hypothesis," which asserts that putting individuals of disparate cultural backgrounds in the classroom and other…
Descriptors: Diversity (Institutional), Educational Benefits, Cultural Background, Racial Relations
Holzer, Harry J.; Neumark, David – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2006
In this paper we review the research evidence on the effects of affirmative action in employment, university admissions, and government procurement. We consider effects on both "equity" (or distribution) as well as "efficiency." Overall, we find that affirmative action does redistribute jobs, university admissions, and…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Employment, College Admission, Contracts