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Garces, Liliana M.; Jayakumar, Uma M. – Educational Researcher, 2014
Through an analysis of relevant social science evidence, this article provides a deeper understanding of critical mass, a concept that has become central in litigation efforts related to affirmative action admissions policies that seek to further the educational benefits of diversity. We demonstrate that the concept of critical mass requires an…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Race, Court Litigation, Educational Policy
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Nieli, Russell K. – Academic Questions, 2008
Diversity is said to bring about a host of educational benefits, yet on campus or off, things aren't working out the way diversity experts planned. In this article, the author reviews recent research challenging the "contact hypothesis," which asserts that putting individuals of disparate cultural backgrounds in the classroom and other…
Descriptors: Diversity (Institutional), Educational Benefits, Cultural Background, Racial Relations
Orfield, Gary; Lee, Chungmei – Civil Rights Project at Harvard University (The), 2004
This report examines a decade of resegregation from the time of the Supreme Court's 1991 "Dowell" decision, which authorized a return to neighborhood schools, even if that would create segregation, through the 2001-2002 school year. It goes beyond previous reports by Harvard's Civil Rights Project to study the impact of resegregation in…
Descriptors: School Desegregation, School Resegregation, Race, Poverty