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Lewis, Maria M.; Garces, Liliana M.; Frankenberg, Erica – Educational Researcher, 2019
As the federal entity in charge of enforcing civil rights law, the U.S. Department of Education's Office for Civil Rights (OCR) plays a critical role in addressing the vast inequities that exist in U.S. education. Through an analysis of the policy guidance OCR issued for a number of areas during the Obama administration, we illustrate the agency's…
Descriptors: Public Agencies, Civil Rights, Agency Role, Law Enforcement
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Poon, OiYan A.; Segoshi, Megan S. – Review of Higher Education, 2018
Few studies have focused on the role of Asian Americans in influencing how race is understood in affirmative action debates. However, accounting for the complicating presence of Asian Americans in the racial politics of affirmative action has become increasingly important. Informed by racial formation theory, this critical discourse analysis of…
Descriptors: Asian Americans, Affirmative Action, Racial Factors, Ideology
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Shulman, James – Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, 2018
Despite Supreme Court cases which have upheld the 1978 Bakke ruling, the Department of Justice (DOJ) is considering challenging colleges that consider race as a factor in admissions. As colleges and universities prepare to return to the fray in response to the most recent surfacing of this issue, One might ask if everything possible is being done…
Descriptors: College Admission, Racial Factors, School Policy, Court Litigation
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Blum, Lawrence – Theory and Research in Education, 2016
In this article, I argue (1) affirmative action diverts attention from more urgent needs of racial justice in education--better quality K-12 education, and better quality and more accessible public higher education; (2) the increasing wealth of students at affirmative action institutions is a sign of diminished quality of those students compared…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Student Diversity, Racial Relations, Social Justice
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Park, Julie J.; Liu, Amy – Journal of Higher Education, 2014
We use the Critical Race Theory frameworks of interest convergence and divergence to critique the anti-affirmative action movement's co-option of Asian Americans. Past discussions of affirmative action and Asian Americans mainly concentrate on how Asian Americans are affected by affirmative action, whether positively or negatively. We demonstrate…
Descriptors: Race, Critical Theory, Criticism, Affirmative Action
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Garces, Liliana M. – American Journal of Education, 2014
Diversity today is considered central to the capacity of postsecondary institutions to thrive in an increasingly multiracial and multiethnic society. However, as universities take steps to reap the educational benefits of racial and ethnic diversity, legal decisions and state laws increasingly restrict the tools these institutions have…
Descriptors: Student Diversity, Graduate Students, Equal Education, Educational Quality
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Garces, Liliana M.; Jayakumar, Uma M. – Educational Researcher, 2014
Through an analysis of relevant social science evidence, this article provides a deeper understanding of critical mass, a concept that has become central in litigation efforts related to affirmative action admissions policies that seek to further the educational benefits of diversity. We demonstrate that the concept of critical mass requires an…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Race, Court Litigation, Educational Policy
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Malcom, Shirley M.; Malcom-Piqueux, Lindsey E. – Educational Researcher, 2013
Numerous legal scholars and social scientists have highlighted the ways in which research has informed judicial decision making. Because, in part, of convincing empirical research presented in several landmark cases (e.g., "Grutter v. Bollinger," 2003; "Parents Involved in Community Schools v. Seattle School District No. 1,"…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Race, Social Scientists, STEM Education
Douglass, John Aubrey – Center for Studies in Higher Education, 2013
Once again, the U.S. Supreme Court will decide on the contentious issue of Affirmative Action, and specifically the use of race in admissions decisions in public universities. Despite differences in the details, seasoned veterans of affirmative action debates are experiencing déjà vu. In this case, Abigail Noel Fisher claims overt racial…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Court Litigation, Racial Discrimination, College Applicants
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Ledesma, Maria C. – Equity & Excellence in Education, 2013
This article revisits the University of Michigan's 2003 affirmative action cases, "Grutter v. Bollinger" and "Gratz v. Bollinger." Through the aid of critical textual analysis and critical race theory, the author looks back at the predominant narratives that framed the challenge to, and defense of, race-conscious affirmative…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Court Litigation, State Universities, Critical Theory
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Siegel-Hawley, Genevieve; Frankenberg, Erica – Peabody Journal of Education, 2011
This article examines the federal and local political response to the "Parents Involved" decision. At the federal level, developments suggest a reaction to "Parents Involved" that, since President Obama has taken office, has been largely supportive of voluntary efforts to promote racial diversity. The administration has also…
Descriptors: Court Litigation, Racial Integration, School Desegregation, Politics of Education
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Nieli, Russell K. – Academic Questions, 2008
Diversity is said to bring about a host of educational benefits, yet on campus or off, things aren't working out the way diversity experts planned. In this article, the author reviews recent research challenging the "contact hypothesis," which asserts that putting individuals of disparate cultural backgrounds in the classroom and other…
Descriptors: Diversity (Institutional), Educational Benefits, Cultural Background, Racial Relations
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Pike, Gary R.; Kuh, George D.; Gonyea, Robert M. – Journal of College Student Development, 2007
Affirmative action in college admissions is based on the premise that a diverse student body contributes to interactions among students from different backgrounds, which are in turn positively related to desirable outcomes of college. This study evaluates the merits of this rationale for affirmative action by examining the direct and indirect…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, College Admission, Student Diversity, College Students
Holzer, Harry J.; Neumark, David – Institute for Research on Poverty, 2006
In this paper we review the research evidence on the effects of affirmative action in employment, university admissions, and government procurement. We consider effects on both "equity" (or distribution) as well as "efficiency." Overall, we find that affirmative action does redistribute jobs, university admissions, and…
Descriptors: Affirmative Action, Employment, College Admission, Contracts