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Schinske, Jeffrey; Tanner, Kimberly – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2014
This article explores a brief history of grading in higher education in the United States. Authors, Schinske and Tanner then follow up with considerations of the potential purposes of grading and insights from research literature that has explored the influence of grading on teaching and learning. Schinske and Tanner then ask: Does grading provide…
Descriptors: Grading, Higher Education, Educational History, Feedback (Response)
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Colbert, James T.; Olson, Joanne K.; Clough, Michael P. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2007
Students rarely ask questions related to course content in large-format introductory classes. The use of a Web-based forum devoted to student-generated questions was explored in a second-semester introductory biology course. Approximately 80% of the enrolled students asked at least one question about course content during each of three semesters…
Descriptors: Course Content, Biology, Internet, Computer Uses in Education
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Laursen, Sandra; Liston, Carrie; Thiry, Heather; Graf, Julie – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2007
Many short-duration science outreach interventions have important societal goals of raising science literacy and increasing the size and diversity of the science workforce. Yet, these long-term outcomes are inherently challenging to evaluate. We present findings from a qualitative research study of an inquiry-based, life science outreach program…
Descriptors: Graduate Students, Elementary Secondary Education, Outreach Programs, Science Interests
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Porter, Sandra G.; Day, Joseph; McCarty, Richard E.; Shearn, Allen; Shingles, Richard; Fletcher, Linnea; Murphy, Stephanie; Pearlman, Rebecca – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2007
Researchers in the field of bioinformatics have developed a number of analytical programs and databases that are increasingly important for advancing biological research. Because bioinformatics programs are used to analyze, visualize, and/or compare biological data, it is likely that the use of these programs will have a positive impact on biology…
Descriptors: Experimental Groups, Control Groups, Visualization, Genetics
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Krilowicz, Beverly; Johnston, Wendie; Sharp, Sandra B.; Warter-Perez, Nancy; Momand, Jamil – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2007
A summer program was created for undergraduates and graduate students that teaches bioinformatics concepts, offers skills in professional development, and provides research opportunities in academic and industrial institutions. We estimate that 34 of 38 graduates (89%) are in a career trajectory that will use bioinformatics. Evidence from…
Descriptors: Summer Programs, Research Projects, Student Surveys, Natural Sciences
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Armstrong, Norris; Chang, Shu-Mei; Brickman, Marguerite – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2007
This study examined the impact of cooperative learning activities on student achievement and attitudes in large-enrollment (greater than 250) introductory biology classes. We found that students taught using a cooperative learning approach showed greater improvement in their knowledge of course material compared with students taught using a…
Descriptors: Feedback (Response), Learning Activities, Science Achievement, Cooperative Learning
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McDaniel, Carl N.; Lister, Bradford C.; Hanna, Michael H.; Roy, Harry – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2007
Our Introduction to Biology course (BIOL 1010) changed in 2004 from a standard instructor-centered, lecture-homework-exam format to a student-centered format that used Web-enhanced, interactive pedagogy. To measure and compare conceptual learning gains in the traditional course in fall 2003 with a section of the interactive course in fall 2004, we…
Descriptors: Ecology, Biology, Introductory Courses, Evolution
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Quitadamo, Ian J.; Kurtz, Martha J. – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2007
Increasingly, national stakeholders express concern that U.S. college graduates cannot adequately solve problems and think critically. As a set of cognitive abilities, critical thinking skills provide students with tangible academic, personal, and professional benefits that may ultimately address these concerns. As an instructional method, writing…
Descriptors: Writing Assignments, Science Laboratories, Biology, Critical Thinking
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Wischusen, Sheri Maples; Wischusen, E. William – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2007
The Biology Intensive Orientation for Students (BIOS) Program was designed to assess the impact of a 5-d intensive prefreshman program on success and retention of biological science majors at Louisiana State University. The 2005 pilot program combined content lectures and examinations for BIOL 1201, Introductory Biology for Science Majors, as well…
Descriptors: Majors (Students), Grade Point Average, Pilot Projects, Academic Achievement
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Rath, Kenneth A.; Peterfreund, Alan R.; Xenos, Samuel P.; Bayliss, Frank; Carnal, Nancy – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2007
Supplemental instruction classes have been shown in many studies to enhance performance in the supported courses and even to improve graduation rates. Generally, there has been little evidence of a differential impact on students from different ethnic/racial backgrounds. At San Francisco State University, however, supplemental instruction in the…
Descriptors: Introductory Courses, Graduation Rate, Scientific Methodology, Cooperative Learning
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Sible, Jill C.; Wilhelm, Dayna E.; Lederman, Muriel – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2006
Science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) fields, including cell biology, are characterized by the "leaky pipeline" syndrome in which, over time, women leave the discipline. The pipeline itself and the pond into which it empties may not be neutral. Explicating invisible norms, attitudes, and practices by integrating social…
Descriptors: Elementary Secondary Education, Females, Pilot Projects, Course Evaluation
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Kozeracki, Carol A.; Carey, Michael F.; Colicelli, John; Levis-Fitzgerald, Marc – CBE - Life Sciences Education, 2006
UCLA's Howard Hughes Undergraduate Research Program (HHURP), a collaboration between the College of Letters and Science and the School of Medicine, trains a group of highly motivated undergraduates through mentored research enhanced by a rigorous seminar course. The course is centered on the presentation and critical analysis of scientific journal…
Descriptors: Scientific Research, Student Evaluation, Medical Schools, Program Effectiveness