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Bakke v Regents of University…1
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Caldas, Stephen J.; Gómez, Diane W.; Ferrara, JoAnne – Journal of Education for Students Placed at Risk, 2019
This article reports the effects of attending an elementary full-service community school (FSCS) on a variety of student academic outcomes in high school. The focal FSCS, Key Elementary, serves students in grades K-5 in a diverse southeastern New York State (NYS) school district. The academic performance of students, born between 1991 and 1996,…
Descriptors: Elementary Schools, Community Schools, Academic Achievement, Program Effectiveness
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Shulman, James – Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, 2018
Despite Supreme Court cases which have upheld the 1978 Bakke ruling, the Department of Justice (DOJ) is considering challenging colleges that consider race as a factor in admissions. As colleges and universities prepare to return to the fray in response to the most recent surfacing of this issue, One might ask if everything possible is being done…
Descriptors: College Admission, Racial Factors, School Policy, Court Litigation
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Phelps, Richard P. – Online Submission, 2018
The century-old College Entrance Examination Board (College Board) sponsors, develops, and administers standardized testing programs, most famously the "SAT suite of tests," which includes the SAT college admission test and the "pre-SAT," or PSAT, and the more than thirty Advanced- Placement (AP) courses and exams that…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, College Readiness, Standardized Tests, Educational Finance
Torres, Amada – Independent School, 2016
In September 2015, when the College Board released its average SAT scores for the 2015 graduating class, two details stood out for many educators: (1) the record participation and diversity numbers (close to 1.7 million students took the test, with 50 percent being students of color); and (2) the test's lower average scores compared with previous…
Descriptors: College Entrance Examinations, Private Schools, Scores, Gender Differences
Katzman, John – New England Journal of Higher Education, 2014
It is so easy to criticize the SAT that most observers overlook the weaknesses of its architect, the College Board. This author contents that, until the latter is replaced, however, the former will never be fixed. The College Board has every incentive to create a complex, stressful, expensive college admissions system. Because it is accountable to…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Testing Programs, Program Administration, Cost Effectiveness
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Bastedo, Michael N.; Flaster, Allyson – Educational Researcher, 2014
Access to the nation's most selective colleges remains starkly unequal, with students in the lowest income quartile constituting less than 4% of enrollment. A popular explanation for this phenomenon is that low-income students "undermatch" by attending less selective colleges when their credentials predict admission to more highly…
Descriptors: Low Income Groups, College Admission, Educational Research, Prediction
Li, Kuiyuan; Uvah, Josaphat; Amin, Raid – Online Submission, 2012
In this paper, we assess students' performance in Elements of Statistics, one of the popular courses in general education, using data from UWF (University of West Florida) for fall 2008, fall 2009, and fall 2010 semesters. We analyze associations between students' performance in the course and several performance related factors including: college…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Grade Point Average, Curriculum Development, Standardized Tests
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Yin, Alexander C.; Volkwein, J. Fredericks – New Directions for Institutional Research, 2010
After surveying 1,827 students in their final year at eighty randomly selected two-year and four-year public and private institutions, American Institutes for Research (2006) reported that approximately 30 percent of students in two-year institutions and nearly 20 percent of students in four-year institutions have only basic quantitative…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Basic Skills, College Admission, Educational Testing
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Crede, Marcus; Roch, Sylvia G.; Kieszczynka, Urszula M. – Review of Educational Research, 2010
A meta-analysis of the relationship between class attendance in college and college grades reveals that attendance has strong relationships with both class grades (k = 69, N = 21,195, p = 0.44) and GPA (k = 33, N = 9,243, p = 0.41). These relationships make class attendance a better predictor of college grades than any other known predictor of…
Descriptors: Study Habits, Grade Point Average, Attendance Patterns, Meta Analysis
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Urban, Wayne J. – Paedagogica Historica: International Journal of the History of Education, 2010
This essay critically examines the commitment of James Bryant Conant to equality of opportunity as a guide for educational practice in his own era and in contemporary society. Noted chemist, president of Harvard University from the 1930s through the early 1950s, and noted analyst of the American high school from the time of publication of his…
Descriptors: Higher Education, Academically Gifted, Citizenship Education, Educational Practices
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Hossler, Don; Kalsbeek, David – College and University, 2009
The array of admissions models and the underlying, and sometimes conflicting goals people have for college admissions, create the dynamics and the tensions that define the contemporary context for enrollment management. The senior enrollment officer must ask, for example, how does an institution try to assure transparency, equality of access,…
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Testing, Enrollment Management, Affirmative Action
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Zwick, Rebecca – Harvard Educational Review, 2007
In this essay, Rebecca Zwick confronts the controversy surrounding the use of standardized tests in college admissions. She examines the degree to which the SAT and its lesser known cousin, the ACT, limit access to college, particularly for racial and ethnic minorities, and considers two alternative admissions policies that do not involve tests:…
Descriptors: Class Rank, Standardized Tests, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards
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Sundin, Eva C.; Ogren, Marie-Louise – Issues in Educational Research, 2006
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of two different admission procedures (high school grades/scholastic aptitude test (SAT) versus high school grades/SAT + interview) to a program in professional psychology on students' and supervisors' experiences of the group climate in psychotherapy supervision groups during an eighteen-month…
Descriptors: Supervisors, Foreign Countries, High Schools, Grades (Scholastic)
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Norton, Jan – NADE Digest, 2006
Studies in education often report the differences between participants' and non-participants' test scores, course grades, retention, and other criteria. When participants' average performance is higher, it can be difficult to attribute the improvements to participation. Comparing participants and non-participants on other measures can strengthen…
Descriptors: Educational Research, Research Methodology, Comparative Analysis, Student Characteristics
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Zwick, Rebecca; Schlemer, Lizabeth – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2004
The validity of the SAT as an admissions criterion for Latinos and Asian Americans who are not native English speakers was examined. The analyses, based on 1997 and 1998 UCSB freshmen, focused on the effectiveness of SAT scores and high school grade-point average (HSGPA) in predicting college freshman grade-point average (FGPA). When regression…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Language Minorities, Asian American Students, Hispanic American Students