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Shulman, James – Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, 2018
Despite Supreme Court cases which have upheld the 1978 Bakke ruling, the Department of Justice (DOJ) is considering challenging colleges that consider race as a factor in admissions. As colleges and universities prepare to return to the fray in response to the most recent surfacing of this issue, One might ask if everything possible is being done…
Descriptors: College Admission, Racial Factors, School Policy, Court Litigation
Katzman, John – New England Journal of Higher Education, 2014
It is so easy to criticize the SAT that most observers overlook the weaknesses of its architect, the College Board. This author contents that, until the latter is replaced, however, the former will never be fixed. The College Board has every incentive to create a complex, stressful, expensive college admissions system. Because it is accountable to…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Testing Programs, Program Administration, Cost Effectiveness
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Bastedo, Michael N.; Flaster, Allyson – Educational Researcher, 2014
Access to the nation's most selective colleges remains starkly unequal, with students in the lowest income quartile constituting less than 4% of enrollment. A popular explanation for this phenomenon is that low-income students "undermatch" by attending less selective colleges when their credentials predict admission to more highly…
Descriptors: Low Income Groups, College Admission, Educational Research, Prediction
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Yin, Alexander C.; Volkwein, J. Fredericks – New Directions for Institutional Research, 2010
After surveying 1,827 students in their final year at eighty randomly selected two-year and four-year public and private institutions, American Institutes for Research (2006) reported that approximately 30 percent of students in two-year institutions and nearly 20 percent of students in four-year institutions have only basic quantitative…
Descriptors: Standardized Tests, Basic Skills, College Admission, Educational Testing
Briggs, Derek C. – National Association for College Admission Counseling, 2009
This discussion paper represents one of the National Association for College Admission Counseling's (NACAC's) first post-Testing Commission steps in advancing the knowledge base and dialogue about test preparation. It describes various types of test preparation programs and summarizes the existing academic research on the effects of test…
Descriptors: Testing, Standardized Tests, School Counselors, College Admission
Atkinson, Richard C.; Geiser, Saul – Center for Studies in Higher Education, 2009
Standardized testing for college admissions has grown exponentially since the first administration of the old "College Boards" in 1901. This paper surveys major developments since then: the introduction of the "Scholastic Aptitude Test" in 1926, designed to tap students' general analytic ability; E.F. Lindquist's creation of…
Descriptors: Advanced Placement, Educational Research, Elementary Secondary Education, Testing
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Hossler, Don; Kalsbeek, David – College and University, 2009
The array of admissions models and the underlying, and sometimes conflicting goals people have for college admissions, create the dynamics and the tensions that define the contemporary context for enrollment management. The senior enrollment officer must ask, for example, how does an institution try to assure transparency, equality of access,…
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Testing, Enrollment Management, Affirmative Action
Geiser, Saul – Center for Studies in Higher Education, 2008
Summarizing a decade of research at the University of California, this paper concludes that admissions criteria that tap student mastery of curriculum content, such as high-school grades and performance on achievement tests, are stronger predictors of success in college and are fairer to poor and minority applicants than tests of general reasoning…
Descriptors: College Admission, Criteria, Mastery Learning, Grades (Scholastic)
Jackson, Jenny; Lord, Joan – Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2007
The Southern Regional Education Board's (SREB) "Challenge to Lead" Goals for Education call for more students to take college admission tests, to score higher on those tests and for SREB states to reduce gaps in test scores among all groups of students. For states, achieving higher statewide scores is one sign that more students can go…
Descriptors: Test Results, College Entrance Examinations, Scholarships, College Admission
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Zwick, Rebecca – Harvard Educational Review, 2007
In this essay, Rebecca Zwick confronts the controversy surrounding the use of standardized tests in college admissions. She examines the degree to which the SAT and its lesser known cousin, the ACT, limit access to college, particularly for racial and ethnic minorities, and considers two alternative admissions policies that do not involve tests:…
Descriptors: Class Rank, Standardized Tests, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards
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Sundin, Eva C.; Ogren, Marie-Louise – Issues in Educational Research, 2006
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of two different admission procedures (high school grades/scholastic aptitude test (SAT) versus high school grades/SAT + interview) to a program in professional psychology on students' and supervisors' experiences of the group climate in psychotherapy supervision groups during an eighteen-month…
Descriptors: Supervisors, Foreign Countries, High Schools, Grades (Scholastic)
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Zwick, Rebecca; Schlemer, Lizabeth – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2004
The validity of the SAT as an admissions criterion for Latinos and Asian Americans who are not native English speakers was examined. The analyses, based on 1997 and 1998 UCSB freshmen, focused on the effectiveness of SAT scores and high school grade-point average (HSGPA) in predicting college freshman grade-point average (FGPA). When regression…
Descriptors: Test Validity, Language Minorities, Asian American Students, Hispanic American Students