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Black, Sandra E.; Cortes, Kalena E.; Lincove, Jane Arnold – Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, 2016
We investigate the efficacy and equity of college admissions criteria by estimating the effect of multiple measures of college readiness on college performance in the context of race-blind automatic admissions policies. We take advantage of a unique institutional feature of the Texas higher education system to control for selection into…
Descriptors: College Admission, Admission Criteria, College Readiness, Affirmative Action
Mattern, Krista; Allen, Jeff – ACT, Inc., 2016
In this technical brief, the authors summarize empirical evidence from their full report comparing the stated intentions and actual outcomes of test-optional practices. An overview of five commonly stated assertions of test-optional practices along with empirical evidence that contradicts these assertions is provided in this brief. [For the full…
Descriptors: Educational Policy, Student Diversity, College Admission, Scores
Hite, Jenny; Lord, Joan – Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2014
This brief report offers analysis of ACT and SAT results from 2008 to 2013 in the Southern Regional Education Board (SREB) region. The brief focuses on the increase in test participation rates and points to policies that SREB states initiated that affected these rates. Five SREB states currently require 100 percent student participation on the…
Descriptors: College Admission, College Entrance Examinations, Enrollment Rate, Enrollment Influences
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Bastedo, Michael N.; Flaster, Allyson – Educational Researcher, 2014
Access to the nation's most selective colleges remains starkly unequal, with students in the lowest income quartile constituting less than 4% of enrollment. A popular explanation for this phenomenon is that low-income students "undermatch" by attending less selective colleges when their credentials predict admission to more highly…
Descriptors: Low Income Groups, College Admission, Educational Research, Prediction
Kahlenberg, Richard D. – Chronicle of Higher Education, 2013
At Middlebury College--and on campuses throughout the country--class is coming out of the closet. Long hidden from view, economic status is emerging from the shadows, as once-taboo discussions are taking shape. The growing economic divide in America, and on American campuses, has given rise to new student organizations, and new dialogues, focused…
Descriptors: Student Costs, Socioeconomic Status, Social Class, College Students
Robinson, Jenna Ashley – John William Pope Center for Higher Education Policy, 2013
To understand and evaluate a university's effectiveness requires a lot of information. But rarely is that information brought together in one place. This report compiles publicly available data about the University of North Carolina system. It illustrates key characteristics of the 16 campuses and how they have changed over the past decade. This…
Descriptors: Universities, State Colleges, Educational History, Enrollment Trends
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Patterson, Brian F.; Mattern, Krista D.; Swerdzewski, Peter – Journal of College Admission, 2012
The College Board's SAT[R] Score Choice[TM] policy allows students to choose which set(s) of scores to send to colleges and universities to which they plan to apply. Based on data gathered before the implementation of that policy, the following study evaluated the predictive validity of the various sets of SAT scores. The value of five score sets…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Institutional Characteristics, Predictive Validity, Scores
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Cimetta, Adriana D.; D'Agostino, Jerome V.; Levin, Joel R. – Educational Measurement: Issues and Practice, 2010
Postsecondary schools have traditionally relied on admissions tests such as the SAT and ACT to select students. With high school achievement assessments in place in many states, it is important to ascertain whether scores from those exams can either supplement or supplant conventional admissions tests. In this study we examined whether the Arizona…
Descriptors: High School Students, Academic Achievement, Achievement Tests, Asian American Students
Briggs, Derek C. – National Association for College Admission Counseling, 2009
This discussion paper represents one of the National Association for College Admission Counseling's (NACAC's) first post-Testing Commission steps in advancing the knowledge base and dialogue about test preparation. It describes various types of test preparation programs and summarizes the existing academic research on the effects of test…
Descriptors: Testing, Standardized Tests, School Counselors, College Admission
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Hossler, Don; Kalsbeek, David – College and University, 2009
The array of admissions models and the underlying, and sometimes conflicting goals people have for college admissions, create the dynamics and the tensions that define the contemporary context for enrollment management. The senior enrollment officer must ask, for example, how does an institution try to assure transparency, equality of access,…
Descriptors: Academic Persistence, Testing, Enrollment Management, Affirmative Action
Clark, Melissa; Rothstein, Jesse; Schanzenbach, Diane Whitmore – National Bureau of Economic Research, 2008
Data from college admissions tests can provide a valuable measure of student achievement, but the non-representativeness of test-takers is an important concern. We examine selectivity bias in both state-level and school-level SAT and ACT averages. The degree of selectivity may differ importantly across and within schools, and across and within…
Descriptors: Graduation Requirements, College Entrance Examinations, College Admission, Selective Admission
Jackson, Jenny; Lord, Joan – Southern Regional Education Board (SREB), 2007
The Southern Regional Education Board's (SREB) "Challenge to Lead" Goals for Education call for more students to take college admission tests, to score higher on those tests and for SREB states to reduce gaps in test scores among all groups of students. For states, achieving higher statewide scores is one sign that more students can go…
Descriptors: Test Results, College Entrance Examinations, Scholarships, College Admission
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Zwick, Rebecca – Harvard Educational Review, 2007
In this essay, Rebecca Zwick confronts the controversy surrounding the use of standardized tests in college admissions. She examines the degree to which the SAT and its lesser known cousin, the ACT, limit access to college, particularly for racial and ethnic minorities, and considers two alternative admissions policies that do not involve tests:…
Descriptors: Class Rank, Standardized Tests, Academic Achievement, Academic Standards