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Müller-Kalthoff, Hanno; Jansen, Malte; Schiefer, Irene M.; Helm, Friederike; Nagy, Nicole; Möller, Jens – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
Dimensional comparison theory (DCT; Möller & Marsh, 2013) assumes that students compare their academic achievement intraindividually across domains to form domain-specific self-concepts. Upward dimensional comparisons are believed to lead to lower self-concepts in the worse-off domain, while downward dimensional comparisons should lead to…
Descriptors: Self Concept, German, Mathematics Achievement, Comparative Analysis
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Chittum, Jessica R.; Jones, Brett D. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2017
One purpose of this study was to determine whether patterns existed in pre-high school students' motivation-related perceptions of their science classes. Another purpose was to examine the extent to which these patterns were related to their science identification, gender, grade level, class effort, and intentions to persist in science. We…
Descriptors: Student Motivation, Science Education, Student Attitudes, Rural Schools
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Martin, Andrew J.; Papworth, Brad; Ginns, Paul; Malmberg, Lars-Erik – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Most educational climate research is conducted among (day school) students who spend the bulk of their young lives outside of school, potentially limiting the amount of climate variance that can be captured. Boarding school students, on the other hand, spend much of their lives at school and thus offer a potentially unique perspective on…
Descriptors: Boarding Schools, Educational Environment, Student Motivation, Learner Engagement
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Aguinis, Herman; Culpepper, Steven A.; Pierce, Charles A. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
We introduce the concept of "differential prediction generalization" in the context of college admissions testing. Specifically, we assess the extent to which predicted first-year college grade point average (GPA) based on high-school grade point average (HSGPA) and SAT scores depends on a student's ethnicity and gender and whether this…
Descriptors: Prediction, Grade Point Average, High School Students, College Freshmen
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Allen, Laura K.; Snow, Erica L.; McNamara, Danielle S. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
A commonly held belief among educators, researchers, and students is that high-quality texts are easier to read than low-quality texts, as they contain more engaging narrative and story-like elements. Interestingly, these assumptions have typically failed to be supported by the literature on writing. Previous research suggests that higher quality…
Descriptors: Role, Writing (Composition), Natural Language Processing, Hypothesis Testing
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Gehlbach, Hunter; Brinkworth, Maureen E.; King, Aaron M.; Hsu, Laura M.; McIntyre, Joseph; Rogers, Todd – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
When people perceive themselves as similar to others, greater liking and closer relationships typically result. In the first randomized field experiment that leverages actual similarities to improve real-world relationships, we examined the affiliations between 315 9th grade students and their 25 teachers. Students in the treatment condition…
Descriptors: Academic Achievement, Teacher Student Relationship, Intervention, Achievement Gap
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Yeager, David S.; Romero, Carissa; Paunesku, Dave; Hulleman, Christopher S.; Schneider, Barbara; Hinojosa, Cintia; Lee, Hae Yeon; O'Brien, Joseph; Flint, Kate; Roberts, Alice; Trott, Jill; Greene, Daniel; Walton, Gregory M.; Dweck, Carol S. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
There are many promising psychological interventions on the horizon, but there is no clear methodology for preparing them to be scaled up. Drawing on design thinking, the present research formalizes a methodology for redesigning and tailoring initial interventions. We test the methodology using the case of fixed versus growth mindsets during the…
Descriptors: Intervention, Cognitive Structures, Design, High School Students
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Lin-Siegler, Xiaodong; Ahn, Janet N.; Chen, Jondou; Fang, Fu-Fen Anny; Luna-Lucero, Myra – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Students' beliefs that success in science depends on exceptional talent negatively impact their motivation to learn. For example, such beliefs have been shown to be a major factor steering students away from taking science and math courses in high school and college. In the present study, we tested a novel story-based instruction that models how…
Descriptors: High School Students, Science Interests, Learning Motivation, Science Instruction
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Rjosk, Camilla; Richter, Dirk; Hochweber, Jan; Lüdtke, Oliver; Stanat, Petra – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015
In this study, we investigated effects of the proportion of language minority students in classrooms on the development of students' intrinsic motivation in language lessons and the mediating role of instructional climate (e.g., teacher support, focus on student interests). In addition, we explored the interaction between the proportion of…
Descriptors: Language Minorities, Student Motivation, Foreign Countries, Student Interests
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Song, Juyeon; Bong, Mimi; Lee, Kyehyoung; Kim, Sung-il – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015
We examined (a) the relative importance of perceived social support from parents, peers, and teachers; (b) the consequences associated with different types of perceived social support; and (c) the mediation by achievement goals in the relationship between perceived social support and academic outcomes. We analyzed the first 3 waves of the Korean…
Descriptors: Social Support Groups, Adolescents, Student Motivation, Academic Achievement
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Reilly, David; Neumann, David L.; Andrews, Glenda – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015
Gender gaps in the development of mathematical and scientific literacy have important implications for the general public's understanding of scientific issues and for the underrepresentation of women in science, technology, engineering, and math. We subjected data from the National Assessment of Educational Progress to a meta-analysis to examine…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Mathematics Achievement, Science Achievement, Meta Analysis
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Gaspard, Hanna; Dicke, Anna-Lena; Flunger, Barbara; Schreier, Brigitte; Häfner, Isabelle; Trautwein, Ulrich; Nagengast, Benjamin – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2015
Expectancy-value theory (Eccles et al., 1983) is a prominent approach to explaining gender differences in math-related academic choices, with value beliefs acting as an important explanatory factor. Expectancy-value theory defines 4 value components: intrinsic value, attainment value, utility value, and cost. The present study followed up on…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Mathematics, Beliefs, Grade 9
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Duckworth, Angela L.; White, Rachel E.; Matteucci, Alyssa J.; Shearer, Annie; Gross, James J. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
A growing body of research indicates that self-control is critical to academic success. Surprisingly little is known, however, about the diverse strategies students use to implement self-control or how well these strategies work. To address these issues, the author conducted a naturalistic investigation of self-control strategies (Study 1) and 2…
Descriptors: Self Control, High School Students, Interpersonal Relationship, Conflict Resolution
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Master, Allison; Cheryan, Sapna; Meltzoff, Andrew N. – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2016
Computer science has one of the largest gender disparities in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. An important reason for this disparity is that girls are less likely than boys to enroll in necessary "pipeline courses," such as introductory computer science. Two experiments investigated whether high-school girls' lower…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Computer Science, Sex Stereotypes, Computer Science Education
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Nagengast, Benjamin; Marsh, Herbert W.; Chiorri, Carlo; Hau, Kit-Tai – Journal of Educational Psychology, 2014
The present study revisited the unresolved issue of the long-term effects of part-time working intensity during high school on students' achievement, participation in postsecondary education, time allocation, and work-related values and expectations. Using data from the Educational Longitudinal Study of 2002 (N = 14,654), the effects of part-time…
Descriptors: High School Students, Student Employment, Probability, Scores
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