ERIC Number: ED577662
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2017
Abstractor: As Provided
One-to-One Laptop Programs: Do Students in Identified Illinois High Schools Have an Advantage When State Assessments Are Computer-Based?
Bleyer, Charles T.
ProQuest LLC, Ed.D. Dissertation, McKendree University
The purpose of this study was to determine if students in identified Illinois high schools who were a part of a one-to-one (1:1) laptop program achieved higher results on the computer-based Partnership for the Assessment of Readiness for College and Careers (PARCC) assessment than students in identified Illinois high schools that did not participate in a laptop program. In addition, gaps between males, females, large high schools, and small high schools were analyzed to discern if laptop programs possibly helped close achievement disparities. This study used a quantitative, non-experimental design that focused on a causal-comparative analysis of archival data from the 2014-15 school year. Participants were students in identified Illinois high schools who were administered the English/language arts and math components of the computer-based PARRC assessment. Results showed no statistical significance in English/language arts achievement scores between students who participated in a 1:1 laptop program and those that did not participate in a 1:1 laptop program. As for the math portion of the PARCC, there was a statistical significance as students that did not participate in 1:1 laptop programs scored higher than students that participated in 1:1 laptop programs in all areas except for students in small high schools. Students in small high schools that participated in 1:1 laptop programs scored significantly higher than their counterparts that did not participate in 1:1 laptop programs. The findings from this study indicated that 1:1 laptop programs may not increase student achievement on computer-based assessments. [The dissertation citations contained here are published with the permission of ProQuest LLC. Further reproduction is prohibited without permission. Copies of dissertations may be obtained by Telephone (800) 1-800-521-0600. Web page: http://www.proquest.com/en-US/products/dissertations/individuals.shtml.]
Descriptors: Educational Technology, Computer Uses in Education, Laptop Computers, Access to Computers, High School Students, College Readiness, Career Readiness, Program Effectiveness, Gender Differences, School Size, Statistical Analysis, Comparative Analysis, Student Records, Language Arts, Academic Achievement, Mathematics Achievement, Standardized Tests
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Publication Type: Dissertations/Theses - Doctoral Dissertations
Education Level: High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Illinois