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Berg, Juliette; Morris, Pamela; Aber, Larry – Journal of Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2013
This article examines the extent to which impacts of a conditional cash transfer (CCT) program on children's academic outcomes vary by key characteristics associated with families' propensity to earn the rewards offered by the program. We utilize an experimental study of Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards, a comprehensive CCT program in New York City…
Descriptors: Rewards, Incentives, Academic Achievement, Low Income Groups
Berg, Juliette; Morris, Pamela; Aber, J. Lawrence – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2011
Experimental approaches can help disentangle the impacts of policies from the effects of individual characteristics, but the heterogeneity of implementation inherent in studies with complex program designs may mask average treatment impacts (Morris & Hendra, 2009). In the case of the Opportunity NYC-Family Rewards (ONYC-Family Rewards),…
Descriptors: Low Income Groups, Family Programs, Family Income, Rewards
Morris, Pamela; Aber, J. Lawrence; Wolf, Sharon; Berg, Juliette – Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness, 2011
This study builds on and informs ecological theory (Bronfenbrenner & Morris, 2006) by focusing on the contextual processes by which individual developmental trajectories can be altered. Ecological theory posits that children are embedded in a nested and interactive set of interrelated contexts beginning with the micro-system (the most…
Descriptors: Family Environment, Children, Motivation, Competence