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Wang, Ze; Bergin, Christi; Bergin, David A. – School Psychology Quarterly, 2014
Research on factors that may promote engagement is hampered by the absence of a measure of classroom-level engagement. Literature has suggested that engagement may have 3 dimensions--affective, behavioral, and cognitive. No existing engagement scales measure all 3 dimensions at the classroom level. The Classroom Engagement Inventory (CEI) was…
Descriptors: Learner Engagement, Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Grade 5
Delander, Brady – Education Commission of the States, 2014
While most states require testing in social studies or civic education, two states attach consequences for students and schools based on required statewide civics exams. Lawmakers in Florida, in 2010, and in Tennessee, in 2012, approved legislation that holds students accountable for their civics knowledge. Students are taking the tests for the…
Descriptors: Accountability, Citizenship Education, State Legislation, Educational Legislation
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Ganley, Colleen M.; Mingle, Leigh A.; Ryan, Allison M.; Ryan, Katherine; Vasilyeva, Marina; Perry, Michelle – Developmental Psychology, 2013
Stereotype threat has been proposed as 1 potential explanation for the gender difference in standardized mathematics test performance among high-performing students. At present, it is not entirely clear how susceptibility to stereotype threat develops, as empirical evidence for stereotype threat effects across the school years is inconsistent. In…
Descriptors: Gender Differences, Sex Stereotypes, Standardized Tests, Children