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ERIC Number: EJ795683
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2006
Pages: 10
Abstractor: Author
ISSN: ISSN-0740-7874
An Educator's Guide to the "65% Solution" Proposal
Bracey, Gerald W.
ERS Spectrum, v24 n3 p4-13 Sum 2006
Through executive orders, legislative initiatives, referenda, or constitutional amendments, a number of states have proposed measures to require school districts to spend at least 65 percent of their operational budgets on "in-class instruction." The current national average for such expenditures, using accounting categories from the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES), is 61.3 percent. The "65% Solution" proposal argues that increasing the proportion to 65 percent would shift $13 billion currently spent outside of the classroom without the need to raise new money. Two states, Texas and Georgia, have enacted the proposal, and 18 other states and the District of Columbia are considering it. This paper will show the proposal suffers logical and definitional confusions. More importantly, it was developed in hopes of producing political gains, not stimulating pedagogical improvements. The benefits listed by the proposal's developers are political, not educational. In addition, the existing empirical data do not support the contention that the proposed shift would improve school performance. (Contains 2 tables and 3 endnotes.)
Educational Research Service. 1001 North Fairfax Street Suite 500, Alexandria, VA 22314. Tel: 800-791-9308; Fax: 800-791-9309; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Education; Elementary Secondary Education; High Schools; Intermediate Grades; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Primary Education; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: District of Columbia; Georgia; Texas
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: No Child Left Behind Act 2001