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Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
ERIC Number: ED593809
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 2019
Pages: 31
Abstractor: As Provided
Cumulative Adversity Profiles among Youth Experiencing Housing and Parental Care Instability
Crumé, Henry Joel; Nurius, Paula S.; Fleming, Christopher M.
Grantee Submission
This study applies cumulative adversity and stress proliferation theories to examine risk and protective resource profiles of youth with three different levels of housing and parental care instability. Data derive from a state representative sample (n=27,087) of school-based adolescent students. ANCOVA analyses identified significant differences in sociodemographic and psychosocial functioning variables for youth with 0, 1, or 2 forms of housing and parental care instability, with more deleterious functioning being observed among youth with greater levels of instability. Those experiencing either or both housing and parental care instability are more represented by males, sexual minorities, and youth of color; psychosocial risk and protective factors demonstrated consistent differences between instability groups. Dimensions of cumulative adversity operate with social marginalities (e.g., race, sexual minority status) relative to instability, with higher frequency of victimization, lower grades, diminished self-regulation capabilities and school engagement, weakened psychological health, and strained family and peer relationships. The paper discusses theorized mechanisms through which cumulative adversity conveys effects as well as implications for social work prevention and resilience-fostering strategies in schools and other youth-serving settings. [This paper was published in "Children and Youth Services Review" v100 p129-135 2019.]
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 8; Junior High Schools; Middle Schools; Secondary Education; Grade 10; High Schools; Grade 12
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: Institute of Education Sciences (ED); Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Washington
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Youth Risk Behavior Survey
IES Funded: Yes
Grant or Contract Numbers: R324B180001; R24HD042828