ERIC Number: EJ1071527
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2015-Aug
Abstractor: As Provided
Do Children's Executive Functions Account for Associations between Early Autonomy-Supportive Parenting and Achievement through High School?
Bindman, Samantha W.; Pomerantz, Eva M.; Roisman, Glenn I.
Journal of Educational Psychology, v107 n3 p756-770 Aug 2015
This study evaluated whether the positive association between early autonomy-supportive parenting and children's subsequent achievement is mediated by children's executive functions. Using observations of mothers' parenting from the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) Study of Early Child Care and Youth Development (N = 1,306), analyses revealed that mothers' autonomy support over the first 3 years of life predicted enhanced executive functions (i.e., inhibition, delay of gratification, and sustained attention) during the year before kindergarten and academic achievement in elementary and high school even when mothers' warmth and cognitive stimulation, as well as other factors (e.g., children's early general cognitive skills and mothers' educational attainment) were covaried. Mediation analyses demonstrated that over and above other attributes (e.g., temperament), children's executive functions partially accounted for the association between early autonomy-supportive parenting and children's subsequent achievement.
Descriptors: Executive Function, Correlation, Personal Autonomy, Academic Achievement, Mothers, Parenting Styles, Parent Child Relationship, Observation, Prediction, Delay of Gratification, Inhibition, Attention Control, Preschool Children, High School Students, Cognitive Ability, Educational Attainment, Mediation Theory, Personality Traits, Structural Equation Models, Role
American Psychological Association. Journals Department, 750 First Street NE, Washington, DC 20002. Tel: 800-374-2721; Tel: 202-336-5510; Fax: 202-336-5502; e-mail: email@example.com; Web site: http://www.apa.org
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Secondary Education
Sponsor: Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development (NICHD) (NIH)
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Arkansas; California; Kansas; Massachusetts; North Carolina; Pennsylvania; Virginia; Washington; Wisconsin
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Bayley Mental Development Index; Woodcock Johnson Psycho Educational Battery
Grant or Contract Numbers: 1F32HD074371-01